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Category: Policy One-Pagers

Why Sudan Should Not Be Removed from the Terrorism List

Sudan
The United States is considering next steps, including the removal of Sudan from the State Sponsors of Terrorism List, as part of a path to a full normalization of relations with Sudan in a move that would undermine core U.S. national interests ...
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Activist Brief: “Demand the Supply: Ranking Consumer Electronics and Jewelry Retail Companies on their Efforts to Develop Conflict-Free Minerals Supply Chains from Congo”

Activist Brief: "Demand the Supply: Ranking Consumer Electronics and Jewelry Retail Companies on their Efforts to Develop Conflict-Free Minerals Supply Chains from Congo"
The Enough Project’s 2017 conflict minerals company rankings examine 20 of the largest companies, as defined by market capitalization, in two of the industries which consume the most tin, tungsten, tantalum, and gold: consumer electronics and jewelry retail ...
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Activist Brief: Breaking Out of the Spiral in South Sudan: Anti-Money Laundering, Network Sanctions, and a New Peacemaking Architecture

Activist Brief: Breaking Out of the Spiral in South Sudan: Anti-Money Laundering, Network Sanctions, and a New Peacemaking Architecture
The metastasizing crisis in South Sudan requires a new strategy for achieving a sustainable peace. Conditions on the ground are unbearable for large swathes of South Sudan’s population, and regional peacemaking efforts are not delivering results ...
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Activist Brief: “Strategic Pressure: A Blueprint for Addressing New Threats and Supporting Democratic Change in the DRC”

Activist Brief: "Strategic Pressure: A Blueprint for Addressing New Threats and Supporting Democratic Change in the DRC"
An effective strategy to bring Congo back from the brink of political and economic crisis should focus on achieving a democratic transition while also pushing for key structural reforms and immediate conflict mitigation steps in the Kasai region and the east ...
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Progress and Challenges on Conflict Minerals: Facts on Dodd-Frank 1502

Conflict minerals have fueled and continue to help sustain armed violence in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, linking them to the deadliest conflict globally since World War II. The four conflict minerals (gold, along with the 3Ts – tin, tantalum, and tungsten) are not the only sources of income to armed groups, but they are some of the most lucrative ...
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7 U.S. Organizations Urge Secretary Tillerson to Consider Issues Relating to Religious Freedom and the Persecution of Religious Minorities in Sudan

Sudan
In a joint letter, faith-based and human rights groups warn that religious and ethnic minority groups and faith-based charitable organizations in Sudan face discrimination, detention, violence, and the destruction of churches by the regime in Khartoum ...
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Activist Brief: New Policy Approach to Sudan

Activist Brief: New Policy Approach to Sudan
Click here to download the one-pager. Past approaches for achieving peace in Sudan have failed. A new approach, in which a revitalized peace process is supported by new leverage developed through the expanded use of modernized financial pressure policy tools, could succeed. The focus would be to promote lasting peace and disrupt and ultimately dismantle the most enduring root cause of continuing conflict and dictatorship: the violent kleptocratic system constructed by President al-Bashir and his inner circle. To more effectively support peace, human rights, and good governance in Sudan, policymakers should construct a new policy approach that attempts to counter and ...
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Activist Brief: “Five Lessons from a Sanctions Practitioner”

Economic sanctions, the steps a government takes to prohibit certain types of economic activities with a foreign country, company, or individual, have become a preeminent tool of U.S. foreign policy. They are used to combat threats ranging from nuclear proliferation in Iran or North Korea to civil strife and mass atrocities in Central Africa. In past decades, sanctions were typically “comprehensive,” in which the United States would ban nearly all trade and economic activity with an adversary. Today, most U.S. sanctions programs are “targeted,” in which the U.S. will freeze the assets of specific, named individuals and companies overseas and ...
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Activist Brief: A New Policy Approach to the Democratic Republic of Congo

D.R. Congo
If international policymakers are to have a real impact in helping Congolese reformers actually transform the system of violent kleptocracy in the Democratic Republic of Congo, they need to shift lenses. Policies should focus on creating significant consequences for those most responsible for the system of violence, corruption, and undermining of democracy. This can be done by creating new leverage using tools of financial pressure normally reserved for countering nuclear proliferation and terrorism aimed at isolating certain leaders from the international financial system, and increasing support for Congolese civil society organizations and journalists to hold the government accountable ...
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Activist Brief: Violent Kleptocracies

What is a Violent Kleptocracy? Enough defines violent kleptocracy as a system of state capture in which ruling networks and commercial partners hijack governing institutions for the purpose of resource extraction and for the security of the regime. Ruling networks utilize varying levels of violence to maintain power and repress dissenting voices ...
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