Kasper Agger, the Enough Project’s Central Africa-based field researcher and LRA expert, recently completed an in-depth regional investigation, traveling across areas where the LRA has been active, and meeting with victims, regional officials, local leaders, aid workers, and ex-soldiers who have escaped or defected from the LRA. As part of Enough’s ongoing interview series, Agger spoke with Greg Hittelman about what he saw, experienced, and learned.
In the past two weeks there has been an alarming upsurge of violence in the Central African Republic's capital city, Bangui. Combatants, civilians, children, peacekeepers and humanitarian actors have all been severely affected these recent clashes. As political tensions between the transitional government and Anti-Balaka intensify, the roots of this return to instability appear to be multidimensional.
According to a new Enough Project report, the prospects for peace in CAR are diminished without sustained international support and action in four key areas: planning for elections scheduled for next year; accountability for the perpetrators of atrocities; the disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration of armed combatants; and local reconciliation initiatives.
As US Embassy Reopens and New Peacekeeping Mission Launches in CAR, Breaking Report Calls for Urgent Start to 4 Key Initiatives for Peace
As the United States reopens its embassy today in the Central African Republic (CAR) after a nearly two-year diplomatic absence, and the UN launches a nearly 12,000-strong peacekeeping operation, a new report by the Enough Project “Seize the Peace” urges rapid action by the international community on four key areas to support peace in the war-torn country. Report authors Kasper Agger, Jacinth Planer, and Holly Dranginis, are available for media interviews, comment and expert analysis.
A recently-concluded three-day regional summit in the Congolese capital of Brazzaville narrowly delivered a much anticipated ceasefire agreement between Séléka and Anti-Balaka forces, the two major armed groups in the Central African Republic (CAR). Such an agreement does not, however, guarantee an end to the country’s deep crisis. Disarmament of the armed groups, local dialogues, justice reform, and a clear roadmap for the remaining part of the transition are urgently needed to give the Brazzaville agreement any chance of success.
With a ceasefire recently signed in Brazzaville and a new U.N. mission preparing to deploy to the Central African Republic (CAR), civil society groups are seeking ways to promote local reconciliation processes and a role in encouraging peace more broadly across CAR. Understanding the different means by which civil society groups have been involved in promoting peace in other contexts can lend insight on civil society’s role in developing sustainable peace in CAR.
Enough Project Non-Resident Senior Fellow Christopher Day explores how in ending the hideous civil war in the Central African Republic, sanctions against leaders may help, but it is also imperative to stop the illicit trade in gems and ivory that is funding the warlords.
Following the announcement that President Obama is authorizing the imposition of sanctions against five individuals for fueling violence in the Central African Republic, Kasper Agger, field researcher at the Enough Project, issued the following statement.
On May 1, 2014, Enough Project Field Researcher Kasper Agger testified before the the U.S. House Committee on Foreign Affairs, Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations, which convened to hear experts from the State Department and NGOs discuss "The Central African Republic: From 'Pre-genocide' to genocide?."
Since December 2013, the Central African Republic (CAR) has experienced extreme instability and violence, resulting in the death of at least 2,000 people, roughly 643,000 internally displaced persons, and an additional 100,000 refugees to the more than 200,000 that were already living in neighboring countries.
The Enough Project has been closely following the violent conflict in Central African Republic, where mass killings and human rights abuses continue at an alarming rate. This new report authored by Field Researcher Kasper Agger explores the underlying drivers of the conflict, including regional dynamics and natural resource exploitation. Additionally it identifies ways the international community can support sustainable peace and stability.
New Report on Central African Republic: Enough Project Finds Diamonds, Oil, Ivory, and Regional Interests are Behind Violence
As violence grows in the Central African Republic, with fears of intensifying divisions and northern secession, the Enough Project released its first report on the conflict, “Behind the Headlines: Drivers of Violence in the Central African Republic.” In the report, author Kasper Agger, field researcher at the Enough Project, draws upon extensive interviews in CAR with combatants and leaders to document the ties between CAR’s natural resources and armed groups, including Anti-Balaka, Séléka, and Janjaweed. Featuring satellite images, the report finds that the illicit trade in diamonds and elephant ivory is supplying armed groups, and regional oil interests are at the heart of the conflict. A comprehensive peace process is critical.
Reporting from the heart of Bangui and the barracks of a key armed group, Enough Project Field Researcher Kasper Agger shares his insights from three weeks of field research on the drivers of violence and the prospects for a sustainable peace process in the Central African Republic.
Washington, D.C. -- The Enough Project's Field Researcher Kasper Agger will testify tomorrow, May 1, at 10:00 am at the House Foreign Relations Committee hearing, "The Central African Republic: 'Pre-genocide' to Genocide?" along with a high-level panel of CAR experts including The Honorable Robert P. Jackson, The Honorable Anne Richard, Sean Callahan, Madeline Rose, and The Honorable Robin Renee Sanders.
(New York, March 13, 2014) – The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) should immediately authorize the deployment of a strong UN peacekeeping mission in the Central African Republic(CAR), nine leading African and international human rights groups said today in a joint letter to the foreign ministers of security council member states. Such a mission, as envisioned in the report UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon submitted to the council on March 3, 2014, is urgently needed to protect civilians in the country.
Over two dozen humanitarian organizations and NGOs have issued a joint appeal to Secretary of State John F. Kerry and Director of Office of Management and Budget Sylvia M. Burwell in advance of President Obama’s FY2015 Budget request to Congress, asking them to fulfill existing U.S. commitments in South Sudan and anticipate growing needs in the Central African Republic.
Our partner Invisible Children documented recent LRA activity in Obo, Central African Republic. IC's Bridgette Bugay gives a timeline constructed from information gathered from IC staff through interviews with victims and civilians in Obo.
In recent weeks, conflicts in South Sudan and the Central African Republic have intensified regional turmoil. A new Enough Project report, “Counter-LRA Mission Challenged by Regional Turmoil,” analyzes the effect of intensifying conflict in the region and its impact on the counter-LRA mission.
U.S. military advisors and African partner forces face difficulties in their mission to end the Lord’s Resistance Army, or LRA, and to capture rebel leader Joseph Kony, because of heightened regional instability and insufficient helicopter support, argues a new Enough Project report.
The Central African Republic’s interim president and rebel leader, Michel Djotodia, was forced to resign today at a two-day summit in the Chadian capital, Ndjamena.