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Author: Sasha Lezhnev

Rwanda’s Stake in Congo: Understanding Interests to Achieve Peace

Rwanda’s Stake in Congo: Understanding Interests to Achieve Peace
Warped and exploitative regional relationships have been one of the most critical factors in Congo becoming the site of the deadliest war in the world over the past two decades. Several of Congo’s neighbors have been deeply involved in the war, and the Congolese government’s deep corruption and bad governance have created conditions in which the army and a host of militias have operated with impunity and destabilized eastern Congo. The Congo-Rwanda relationship, however, has been at the heart of the decade-and-ahalf-long war in Congo and is thus the focus of this report ...
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Four Steps for the U.S. and U.N. to Defuse Congo’s Escalating Crisis: Preventing Wider Conflict

Four Steps for the U.S. and U.N. to Defuse Congo's Escalating Crisis: Preventing Wider Conflict
The Enough Project has released this policy paper in advance of the July 25, 2013 Ministerial meeting of the U.N. Security Council. U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry will preside over the meeting to push for implementation of a peace accord signed in February 2013 by 11 African nations and four international organizations. The aims of the accord are to end the cycles of conflict and crisis in eastern Congo and to support an effective peace process in Africa's Great Lakes region ...
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HP, Sandisk Publish the Names of Their Smelters, a Significant Step for Cleaner Supply Chains

HP, Sandisk Publish the Names of Their Smelters, a Significant Step for Cleaner Supply Chains
Four years ago, electronics companies gave us many excuses for why digging into their supply chains to find conflict minerals was too difficult. “This is too ambitious,” they said. “We have thousands of suppliers, how can we know our smelters?” ...
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Wall Street Journal Highlights Congo’s Conflict Gold Trade: U.S. Should Sanction Smugglers

Wall Street Journal Highlights Congo’s Conflict Gold Trade: U.S. Should Sanction Smugglers
This morning the Wall Street Journal published an exposé on the conflict gold trade from eastern Congo, which is worth an estimated $285-400 million per year. The article details the lucrative trade in conflict gold as it is transported from mines in eastern Congo to smugglers in Uganda and Burundi and then to jewelers and dealers in Dubai and India. As the piece highlights, conflict gold is an increasingly important issue for jewelers and the gold industry, as there now exists a “shadowy chain of smuggled gold that stretches from the conflict zones of the Democratic Republic of the Congo ...
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CNN Op-ed: Congo’s “Terminator” Surrenders, What Next for Peace?

CNN Op-ed: Congo's "Terminator" Surrenders, What Next for Peace?
On March 18, a Congolese warlord known as Bosco "the Terminator" Ntaganda surrendered to the U.S. Embassy in Rwanda ...
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New MONUSCO Mandate Should Include Programs to Increase Defections, Combat Smuggling

New MONUSCO Mandate Should Include Programs to Increase Defections, Combat Smuggling
In the coming days, the United Nations Security Council will be debating the mandate of the U.N. mission in Congo known as MONUSCO, the world’s largest peacekeeping force. Based on a recent trip to eastern Congo and conversations with U.N. peacekeepers themselves, here are three ideas that I would want my taxpayer dollars to go toward ...
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Apple Makes New Pledges on Conflict Minerals, Should Begin Clean Congo Sourcing Program

Apple Makes New Pledges on Conflict Minerals, Should Begin Clean Congo Sourcing Program
Tech giant Apple has come a long way on conflict minerals. In 2010, they were one of the worst consumer electronics companies in their response to this serious problem, and Enough Project, Campus Progress, and A Thousand Sisters protested the opening of their store in Georgetown, Washington, D.C. But Apple has started to turn the corner on conflict minerals with some substantial steps ...
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‘What Is Not Said Is What Divides’: Critical Issues for a Peace Process to End the Deadly Congo War

'What Is Not Said Is What Divides': Critical Issues for a Peace Process to End the Deadly Congo War
This paper is the second in a three-part-series on the process, leverage, and substance necessary to create a path towards a viable peace in eastern Congo and the surrounding region ...
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29 Smelters Go Conflict Free, More Help from Aerospace Companies Needed

29 Smelters Go Conflict Free, More Help from Aerospace Companies Needed
Last week, the electronics industry updated its list of audited conflict-free smelters to 29. This is up from 11 smelters in the Conflict-Free Smelter program, or CFS, at the start of 2012—nearly tripling the size of the program over the past year ...
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Taking Conflict Out of Consumer Gadgets: Company Rankings on Conflict Minerals 2012

Taking Conflict Out of Consumer Gadgets: Company Rankings on Conflict Minerals 2012
Leading electronics companies are making progress in eliminating conflict minerals from their supply chains, but still cannot label their products as being conflict free. Since Enough’s last corporate rankings report on conflict minerals in December 2010, a majority of leading consumer electronics companies have moved ahead in addressing conflict minerals in their supply chains—spurred by the conflict minerals provision in the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act and growing consumer activism, particularly on college campuses. Most firms have improved their scores from the 2010 rankings, but some laggards still remain ...
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