As the deadline passes today for the Sudanese and South Sudanese governments and a northern rebel group to make progress to resolve their deadly conflicts, the Enough Project released its compliance tracker summary chart for U.N. Security Council Resolution 2046. This easy-to-read chart identifies the government of Sudan, the government of South Sudan, and the People’s Liberation Movement-North’s respective compliance, or lack thereof, with the provisions of U.N. Security Council Resolution 2046. Resolution 2046 requires both governments and the SPLM-N to meet a number of conditions or face the imposition of sanctions under Article 41 of the U.N. Charter. The resolution placed deadlines on the actors’ compliance with certain conditions, while leaving other conditions without corresponding deadlines.
According to the chart, the government of Sudan has failed to comply with nine provisions of Resolution 2046, among them: the cessation of bombing campaigns against South Sudanese territories, the halting of hostile language directed towards the South, and the allowance of humanitarian aid to populations living in SPLM-N controlled territories. In comparison, the government of South Sudan has not complied with two provisions of the resolution, including the cessation of support to the Sudan Revolutionary Front, which has been carrying out attacks against the Sudanese government. Both the North and the South have failed to reach an agreement on the outstanding issues by the U.N. mandated August 2 deadline. Enough found that the SPLM-N has complied or has expressed a willingness to comply with all relevant provisions.
As we watch today’s deadline come and go, we reflect on the actions both parties have taken that have contributed to this lapse. Enough Project Sudan Policy Analyst Jennifer Christian said:
In the coming days and weeks, the U.N. Security Council and the African Union Peace and Security Council should take into account the discrepancies in non-compliance between the government of Sudan, on the one hand, and the government of South Sudan and the SPLM-N, on the other, particularly vis-à-vis the possible application of sanctions pursuant to operative paragraph 6 of Resolution 2046.
More action will need to be taken by both parties in order to bring an end to a conflict that has resulted in the death and displacement of thousands of Sudanese and South Sudanese civilians.
View the updated compliance tracker summary chart.
Photo: Heglig oil field smolders (AP)