The UN recently declared a famine in parts of South Sudan, with 100,000 facing immediate starvation and another million on the brink. The most immediate cause lies in the tactics used by the South Sudanese government and its principal rebel opponent in fighting the current civil war. In addition, the government and some rebel factions have restricted humanitarian access as millions in desperate need of aid are left without support.
As the people of South Sudan suffer, there has still been no accountability for the atrocities and looting of state resources, or for the famine that results from these actions. The international community has leverage over the kleptocrats who have hijacked the government in Juba for their personal enrichment. Combining creative anti-money laundering measures with targeted sanctions aimed at freezing those willing to commit mass atrocities out of the international financial system will begin to address the structural issues underlying the crisis in South Sudan.