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South Sudan: Protracted War in the World’s Youngest Nation

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South Sudan: Protracted War in the World’s Youngest Nation

Posted by Enough Team on August 3, 2015
Courtesy: Montreal Institute of Genocide Studies. Streamed live on Aug 3, 2015.
In July 2011, with a 99.83% pro-vote, South Sudan became an independent state. After years of civil war and violence, many believed that the schisms that one divided “larger” Sudan might dissipate, allowing for the development of good governance, judicial accountability, and at least a modicum of prosperity. In 2013, however, as divisions emerged in the governing structure of the young country, the population seemed to become split on the basis of their loyalty to either the president, or his newly fired ex-deputy, and violence emerged once more. The subsequent conflict between South Sudan’s government forces—the SPLA—and the rebel SPLA-In Opposition (IO), has seen some of the most atrocious violations of human rights, especially in oil producing Unity State. A recent Human Rights Watch report documents several cases of rape, extra-judicial killings, torture, civilians-targeted attacks, and countless other war crimes and crimes against humanity. 143,000 students are currently enrolled in UNICEF emergency education programs. 2 millions individuals have been displaced. 4 millions are living in a state of food insecurity. The humanitarian crisis alone merits the attention of the international community, yet continues to fall in deaf ears. 


  • Skye Wheeler is a researcher in Human Rights Watch’s Africa Division working on South Sudan and Sudan. 
  • Akshaya Kumar is the Sudan and South Sudan Policy Analyst for the Enough Project.