(Some staff are not listed for security reasons, and all staff are listed alphabetically.)
Founding DirectorPolicy & Editorial TeamAdvocacy TeamCommunications TeamDevelopment TeamAdministration TeamCounselTo view The Sentry staff, visit thesentry.org/about
John Prendergast is a human rights and anti-corruption activist as well as a New York Times best-selling author who has focused on peace in Africa for over thirty-five years. He is the Founding Director of the Enough Project, an initiative to end genocide and crimes against humanity, as well as the Co-Founder with George Clooney of The Sentry, an investigative initiative chasing the assets of African war criminals and their international collaborators.
John has worked for the Clinton White House, the State Department, two members of Congress, the National Intelligence Council, UNICEF, Human Rights Watch, the International Crisis Group, and the U.S. Institute of Peace. He was part of the mediation team that negotiated the end to the Ethiopia-Eritrea war, supported President Nelson Mandela’s mediation in the Burundi peace process, and contributed to other peace processes in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Angola, Sudan, and Somalia.
John is the author or co-author of eleven books. His latest book, Congo Stories, is co-authored with Congolese activist Fidel Bafilemba and features photographs by Ryan Gosling.
Click here to learn more about John Prendergast.
Brian Adeba is a journalist by training and was previously an Associate of the Security Governance Group, a think-tank that focuses on security sector reform in fragile countries. Over the last few years, his research interests have focused on the inter-linkages of media, conflict, human rights and security. He supervised the coverage of the conflict zones of Darfur, Southern Kordofan, Blue Nile and Eastern Sudan for the Boston-based Education Development Center’s Sudan Radio Service project in Nairobi, Kenya. Prior to this, he served as a project and publications coordinator at the think-tank, The Centre for International Governance Innovation in Waterloo, Canada. In the media, Brian edited Tech Media Reports (Now the Wire Report) in Ottawa, Canada, where he focused on regulatory issues in the Canadian parliament. He holds a masters degree in journalism from Carleton University in Ottawa, Canada.
Suliman Baldo’s areas of interest and expertise include humanitarian concerns, economic development, conflict resolution, and justice and human rights in Africa. Serving currently as Senior Policy Advisor for the Enough Project on these areas, Baldo recently directed Sudan Democracy First Group, a Sudan-focused think tank aiming to help bring about faster democratization and peace to the war torn country. Starting August 2013, Baldo was vested with the mandate of the UN Independent Expert on the Human Rights Situation in Mali. In 2010 and 2011, he provided expert advice to joint UN and African Union mediation teams on justice for victims of the conflict in Darfur and worked as an independent commissioner in the UN Independent Commission of Investigations into post-election violence in Côte d’Ivoire. Between 2006 and early 2013, Baldo served as director of the Africa Program at the International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ), where he oversaw six country programs that supported post-conflict transitions in Africa through justice and other institutional reforms. He served as Africa Director at the International Crisis Group (ICG) from 2004 to 2006, and worked between 1995 to 2002 at Human Rights Watch (HRW) as senior researcher for the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Horn of Africa. Baldo has served on the advisory boards of several prominent human rights organizations and think tanks. These include the Global Board of the Open Society Foundations (2008-2010), and the Open Society Initiative for East Africa (2011-March 2014), as well as the Rift Valley Institute. He authored and co-authored several Sudan and Africa-focused reports and briefing papers published under his name or by the Enough Project, SDFG, the ICTJ, ICG and HRW. He has lectured at the University of Khartoum and worked in the humanitarian sector, first as a volunteer and later professionally, serving as director for Sudan and the Horn of Africa for Oxfam America (1988-1992). Baldo holds a PhD in comparative literature from the University of Dijon in France and undergraduate degrees from the University of Khartoum.
Brad serves as the Managing Director at Enough. Brad joined Enough from the Gemological Institute of America (GIA), where he served as the first Director, Global Development and Beneficiation. In this role, he worked to support GIA’s efforts to contribute to economic development projects in gem and jewelry producing countries. He also advised GIA on issues related to responsible sourcing in the gem and jewelry sectors.
From 2009-2013, Brad served as the Special Adviser for Conflict Diamonds at the United States Department of State. In this capacity, he provided working level representation for the United States in the Kimberley Process (KP), serving as the U.S. focal point for the work of the KP’s Working Group on Monitoring and the Committee on KPCS Review. At the Department of State, Brad also contributed to U.S. efforts related to conflict minerals in eastern Congo, particularly in the area of corporate due diligence and on a range of issues related to artisanal mining.
Prior to joining the Department of State, Brad served as an Attorney-Adviser in the Treasury Department’s Office of the Chief Counsel (Foreign Assets Control), where he provided advice on a range of economic sanctions issues related to Sudan, the former Liberian regime of Charles Taylor, Democratic Republic of the Congo, and counter-terrorism.
Brad worked as an associate at LeBoeuf, Lamb, Greene & MacRae, L.L.P. before joining Treasury and as Counsel in the Trade Controls practice at Holland & Hart, L.L.P. from mid-2013 to mid-2014.
Brad is a graduate of Washington University in St. Louis and Georgetown University Law Center.
Holly is a Senior Policy Analyst for the Enough Project where she focuses on the Democratic Republic of Congo, Lord's Resistance Army, and Central African Republic. Holly is an attorney specializing in international criminal justice, sexual and gender-based violence, and natural resource trafficking. Holly has worked on numerous regional and international criminal cases, including the case against former-Liberian President Charles Taylor and the genocide case against former-Guatemalan President Efrain Rios Montt. She has litigation experience at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, as well as representing and supporting victims of sexual violence, forced disappearances, and torture. In 2008, she was a consultant to then-ICC Chief Prosecutor Luis Moreno Ocampo, and later led a program in Northern Uganda introducing human rights curriculum into conflict-affected schools. In 2007, Holly was a Fulbright Scholar in Guatemala where she worked with the UN Office for the High Commissioner for Human Rights and local organizations investigating genocide crimes and violence against women in urban settings. In 2005, she worked as a consultant to truth commission efforts in Peru and Paraguay, gathering testimony from victims of civil war and dictatorship.
Holly holds a J.D. from the University of California, Berkeley, School of Law and a B.A. in international relations and history from Connecticut College. She speaks Spanish.
Omer Ismail was born in the Darfur region of Sudan. He has spent over 20 years working both independently and with international organizations on relief efforts and human rights. Omer fled Sudan in 1989 as a result of his political views. He helped found the Sudan Democratic Forum, a think tank of Sudanese intellectuals working for the advancement of democracy in Sudan. In addition, he co-founded the Darfur Peace and Development organization to raise awareness about the crisis in his troubled region. He currently works as Policy Advisor to several agencies working in crisis management and conflict resolution in Africa. He was a Fellow at the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University’s Carr Center for Human Rights Policy.
Sasha Lezhnev is Deputy Director of Policy at the Enough Project, where he focuses on peace, conflict, and corporate accountability issues in central Africa. He is a Governance Committee member of the Public-Private Alliance on Responsible Minerals Trade (PPA). Sasha is also Founding Director of the Grassroots Reconciliation Group, an organization that runs projects with former child soldiers in northern Uganda. He previously worked at Global Witness, the International Crisis Group, and the U.S. Institute of Peace on U.S. policy issues on conflict resources, extractive industries transparency, and peace processes in Africa. He was based in Uganda for 2 1/2 years as Senior Program Officer with the Northern Uganda Peace Initiative and advisor to the chief mediator of the peace process with the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA).
He is author of the book Crafting Peace: Strategies to Deal with Warlords in Collapsing States. He holds a Master's in International Relations from Cambridge University and a B.S. in Foreign Service magna cum laude from Georgetown University.
George A. Lopez is one of the world’s ranking experts on economic sanctions, peacebuilding, the United Nations and various peace related issues. He is the Hesburgh Professor of Peace Studies Emeritus at the Kroc Institute, University of Notre Dame.
Since 1992, Lopez has advised various international agencies and governments regarding sanctions issues, ranging from limiting their negative humanitarian impact to the design of targeted financial sanctions. He has written 35 articles and book chapters, as well as written authored/ edited seven books on economic sanctions.
From September 2013 – July 2015 Lopez served as the Vice President of the Academy for International Conflict Management and Peacebuilding at the United States Institute of Peace, Washington, DC. From October 2010 through July 2011, he served on the United Nations Panel of Experts for monitoring and implementing UN Sanctions on North Korea.
J.R. Mailey is the Special Investigations Director for The Sentry. Prior to joining Enough and The Sentry, J.R. was a Research Associate at the Africa Center for Strategic Studies, where he specialized in natural resources, corruption and security in Africa. While at the Africa Center, he authored the ACSS Special Report, “The Anatomy of the Resource Curse: Predatory Investment in Africa’s Extractive Industries.” He also previously worked as a researcher for the U.S.-China Economic & Security Review Commission, where he was co-author of “The 88 Queensway Group: A Case Study in Chinese Investors’ Operations in Angola and Beyond.”
Dr. Ken Menkhaus is professor of Political Science at Davidson College, where he has taught since 1991.
He received his Ph.D. in International Studies in 1989 from the University of South Carolina, where he was awarded a Fulbright Scholarship for dissertation research on southern Somalia. His subsequent specialization on the Horn of Africa has focused primarily on development, conflict analysis, peace operations, state failure, state-building, and political Islam, involving both academic research and policy work. He taught for two years at the American University in Cairo Egypt from 1989 to 1991. In 1993-94, he served as special political advisor in the UN Operation in Somalia, was a visiting civilian professor at the US Army Peacekeeping Institute in 1994-95, and was awarded a visiting scholar position at the US Army Strategic Studies Institute in 2011-12. In 2004 he was awarded a US Institute of Peace grant for research on armed conflict in the Horn of Africa.
He regularly serves as a consultant for the UN, US government, non-governmental organizations, and policy research institutes, and has provided expert testimony on five occasions before Congressional subcommittees. Menkhaus is author of over fifty articles, book chapters, and monographs, including Somalia: State Collapse and the Threat of Terrorism (2004), "Governance without Government in Somalia" in International Security (2007), and "State Fragility as Wicked Problem" in PRISM (2010). He has been interviewed on BBC, CNN, FOX, Al Jazeera, NPR's All Things Considered, the Voice of America, the Diane Rehm Show, MSNBC's Hardball with Chris Matthews, and other media. Menkhaus also has a professional and teaching interest in philanthropy and the non-profit sector, and developed a course and grant-giving exercise on that topic which is supported by a $100,000 grant from Ms. Doris Buffet's "Learning by Giving" foundation.
Annie Callaway is the Enough Project's Deputy Director of Advocacy for Corporate Engagement. She leads Enough’s consumer advocacy work focused on supporting peace in the Democratic Republic of Congo. She also manages Enough's Conflict-Free Campus Initiative (CFCI) programming, which includes a network of student student organizers at schools across the U.S. and internationally.
Prior to joining the Enough Project, Annie was a policy intern for Global Witness and served as the northeast regional campus organizer for CFCI during the 2012-13 school year. In 2011, she conducted research on post-conflict transformation in the Acholi sub-region of northern Uganda. She is also a former Enough Project Intern.
Annie holds a bachelor's in Anthropology and Peace and Justice Studies from Tufts University in Medford, Massachusetts.
Ayman is the Advocacy Manager for the Enough Project. He leads Enough’s Student Upstander Program and the strategic integration of student organizing initiatives with wider organizational policy and advocacy priorities. Ayman works with the advocacy team to develop and implement innovative campus and general advocacy and campaign strategies.
Ayman is a human rights activist and the Founding Director of the Anti-Harassment Movement (AHM), a grassroots advocacy organization started in Egypt in 2012. AHM works to combat gender-based violence and promote gender equality. where designed various strategic awareness campaigns, worked with key officials to draft a zero-tolerance university policy against sexual harassment and to improve emergency response to mob assaults during protests in Tahrir square.
Ayman was an Online Media Manager for HarassMap, an Egyptian non-profit that uses interactive mapping to reduce social acceptability of sexual harassment. Where he worked to enhance their online platforms, designed various grassroots campaigns, and many integrated data-driven campaigns that went viral globally. He also served as a Peace Building Delegate with the United Nations Peace Building Commission (UNPBC) in Cyprus.
After moving to DC, he became a Communication Fellow with Women Thrive Alliance, a global feminist advocacy network of grassroots organizations that advocates for gender equality. There he worked on the #AchieveSDG5 global campaign, which reached more than 32 million women and girls worldwide. Prior to joining the Enough Project, Ayman was a Program Leader with the Close Up Foundation, a civic education non-profit based in DC. He led student programs in DC, New York, Philadelphia, and Hawaii.
Ayman holds a BA in Commerce from Alexandria University.
Ian Schwab is the Director of Advocacy and Impact Strategy for the Enough Project responsible for providing strategic direction and results for the Enough Project's advocacy agenda.
Prior to coming to Enough, Ian was the Associate Director of Advocacy for American Jewish World Service (AJWS), an International development and human rights organization. While at AJWS, he led all policy and advocacy related to Sudan and South Sudan, Haiti and international debt with a particular focus on the issue of vulture funds. Ian was the chair for the Haiti Advocacy Working Group (HAWG) directing its successful advocacy on a variety of legislation including the passage of the Assessing Progress in Haiti Act of 2014 as well as efforts to achieve a just resolution to the introduction of cholera to Haiti by UN peacekeepers. In addition to his work in policy and government affairs in Washington, Ian is an experienced community organizer leading campaigns on living wage, payday lending and predatory mortgage lending with Illinois People's Action.
Ian holds an MS in Political Science from Illinois State University through the Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development and a BA in Political Science from Rutgers University.
Greg Hittelman is Director of Communications at the Enough Project and its investigative initiative The Sentry, responsible for leading all media relations, creative production, and communications programs.
Previously, Greg worked in multiple capacities at the Conflict Awareness Project, an investigation group that tracks major arms trafficking networks and transnational criminal operations. His academic and research work has focused on the nexus of human rights, national intelligence, and international security. He is a multidisciplinary strategist and consultant with expertise in crisis communications, media relations, executive media training, advocacy, creative production, events, and alliance building. Previous clients and project partners include nonprofits, corporations, foundations, governments, international advocacy coalitions, and cultural and academic institutions.
Greg is director of Willful Infringement, a documentary film which explores intellectual property issues in the digital age, premiered at the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, was a state-bar approved Mandatory Continuing Legal Education program in 22 states, and is in the library collections of more than 60 academic institutions, including Princeton University, the University of California at Berkeley, and Stanford University. Greg has been a featured speaker, panelist, and moderator at many events and conferences, including the Milken Global Conference, New York University’s No Passport Human Rights Conference, and the Pacific Council on International Policy. He is an award-winning writer and a contributor at Forbes and The Atlantic.
Greg graduated with honors in English literature from the University of California, Berkeley, attended the advanced screenwriting and production program at the University of Southern California’s School of Cinematic Arts, and holds a master’s degree in international affairs from the School of International and Public Affairs at Columbia University in New York City.
Jennifer is the Digital Communications Manager at Enough, where she handles projects relating to social media, the website, marketing, and general promotion.
Prior to joining Enough, Jennifer worked for various diplomacy and humanitarian organizations in Washington, DC, focused on both Africa and the Middle East. She has an undergraduate degree from the University of Virginia in History and Middle Eastern Studies.
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Madeline Robinson spent the last few years working at various non-profits in California and Atlanta, Georgia. She established the communications efforts of Fund Her, a progressive PAC working to elect more women to office, and during her time at The Carter Center and British Consulate she focused on good governance, gender equality, and human trafficking. As an undergraduate, Madeline also led several community service projects. She received her bachelor's degree in Peace Studies and Political Science from Chapman University in California.
Megha Swamy is the Deputy Director of Communications for Media Relations at the Enough Project. In this role, Megha assists the Communications Director in a wide array of media relations, communications, and marketing and promotion projects.
Megha has several years of experience working in communications, public relations, and research in the non-profit space. She has also worked and interned at a German magazine and an international news-wire service.
Megha has a bachelor’s degree in Mass Media (Journalism) from the University of Mumbai and a master’s degree in International Affairs from the George Washington University’s Elliott School of International Affairs, where she focused on conflict and conflict resolution. As a graduate student, she completed capstone coursework on formulating effective U.S. policy to prevent genocide.
She is originally from Mumbai, India and speaks Hindi, Marathi, and Tamil.
Alana was previously the Program Coordinator II for the Climate Resilience Practice in the Governance Center at the World Resources Institute. There she was part of a team that focused on finding adaptation solutions for government and communities affected by climate change. She coordinated operations for a team distributed across three continents, outreach efforts, assisted in proposals and hiring, kept track of the overall and project specific budgets, grants and contracts. She has also worked with the State Department at the Embassy in Trinidad where she was the Cultural Affairs Assistant. She was in charge of internal professional development, assisted with scholarship and exchanges and was the primary administrator for all in-country grants, focusing on human rights, capacity-building and empowerment. Prior to this she held various positions working with the sustainable supply chain for agricultural products in the Traceability Support Unit at UTZ Certified.
Alana holds a Master of Science in Environmental Resource Management from Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam and a Bachelor of Arts in Political Science with a concentration in International Relations from Carleton University. Alana enjoys yoga, soca and dancehall music and is a Trinidad Carnival enthusiast.
Maggie Jacobi is the Operations Director with The Enough Project.
Prior to joining Enough, Maggie interned with Global Health Corps and worked as a sexual health educator in Northern Uganda and Western Massachusetts. She graduated from Mount Holyoke College with a B.A. in Economics and History, and is currently an M.P.A. student at George Washington University. As an undergraduate, Maggie served as the Policy Director of an on-campus progressive think-tank, where she published research on international pharmaceutical policy, the prison-industrial complex, and the commodification of Oral Rehydration Therapy.
With over 30 years of financial management experience, Kate is currently the Director of Finance at the Consumer Health Foundation, where she works Monday - Thursday. Prior to joining CHF, Kate was the Finance Director for Namati, promoting legal empowerment in disadvantaged communities across the globe. Other positions include working for IMPACT Silver Spring, the Academy for Educational Development, Free the Slaves and Planning Assistance. Kate holds a Ph.D. in Sociology and an M.A. in International Relations from American University in Washington, D.C. She earned a Bachelor’s in Economics from Miami University of Ohio.
Praveen Madhiraju is Senior Counsel to the Enough Project. Outside of Enough, he is Deputy General Counsel at Center for American Progress, a Law Fellow at the Public International Law & Policy Group, and represents the family of three war crime victims from the Kosovo War. Praveen also spent two years working as an international trade and litigation associate at Arnold & Porter in Washington, D.C. Prior to that, he served as a law clerk to the Honorable Damon J. Keith on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit. He is a graduate of Northwestern University School of Law and Emory University.
The Enough Project’s Non-Resident Senior Fellows Program includes a broad and diverse community of foreign policy experts, scholars, celebrity upstanders, and front line activists who help to develop policy ideas and analysis and participate in initiatives that contribute to our goal of ending genocide and crimes against humanity.
For Bonnie Abaunza, running Hans Zimmer’s Special Projects and Philanthropy division has been one step further in a life dedicated to humanitarian work and human rights advocacy. From Zimmer’s studio, Remote Control Productions, she develops and spearheads initiatives with non-governmental organizations and charities – from the arts to human rights groups – so they may benefit from the Academy Award winner’s philanthropic endeavors.
Her initiatives at Remote Control have included raising humanitarian aid for Haiti, Pakistan, and Japan for International Medical Corps, and working with Madeline Albright and the National Democratic Institute to advocate for the Roma in Europe. In 2010, she helped launch a successful internet effort to support the formation of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau with Elizabeth Warren. She helped John Prendergast and ENOUGH Project on their work on conflict minerals in the Congo, supported the efforts of Al Gore and the Alliance for Climate Protection, and produced public service announcements and viral videos for numerous human rights campaigns. Another key project is the development of an online interview series teaming youth with Nobel Peace Laureates and activists.
Bonnie is presently working with the United Nations agency, the International Labour Organization and assisting with outreach to the entertainment community. She helped launch their Artworks/Artist Relations initiative and is spearheading their End Slavery Now campaign.
Bonnie regularly advises NGOs on human rights and social justice campaigns, speaks at conferences, workshops and seminars and participates in fact-finding missions for these NGOs. Prior to joining Hans Zimmer’s company in 2009, Bonnie served as Vice President, Social Action and Advocacy at Participant Media for two and a half years. Before joining Participant Media, Bonnie served as Director of the Artists for Amnesty program for Amnesty International from 2001 to 2007. As liaison to the artistic community for the world’s leading human rights organization, she worked closely with internationally recognized artists and entertainment industry professionals interested in leveraging their visibility for critical human rights campaigns. As a result, Bonnie raised Amnesty International’s profile in the entertainment industry and attracted a new generation of activists through the power of mainstream media.
Recipient of the 2004 KCET Local Hero/Hispanic Heritage Award, she has also received commendations for her human rights work from the United States Congress and from the City of Los Angeles. She received the Women in Leadership Award in 2011 from the City of West Hollywood and was recently named Goodwill Ambassador to the Government of East Timor (appointed by former Timorese President and Nobel Peace Laureate, Jose Ramos-Horta). Bonnie is a member of the Foundation Board of the ACLU of Southern California. Bonnie graduated from UCLA with a Bachelor of Arts degree in Political Science with specialization in International Relations. She is currently writing a children’s book series, with her teenage daughter, which addresses human rights issues.
Sr. Pauline Acayo is a highly experienced and award-winning peacebuilder whose skills in project management and conflict resolution have consistently won her the praise of her colleagues. Sr. Pauline Acayo currently works as a peace building and partner's relations Manager for Catholic Relief Services, or CRS, Uganda program.
Sr. Pauline has worked at Catholic Relief Services for the past twelve years in consistently progressing levels of responsibility. For instance,she worked as Head of Office in CRS' Gulu office,where she oversees the day-to-day management of northern Uganda projects and leads the design and implementation of nationwide projects in the peacebuilding field. In her experience as CRS' Peacebuilding Program Officer during the northern Uganda crisis,Sr. Pauline coordinated the re-integration of child soldiers,participated in the creation of Peacebuilding manuals,provided health and psychosocial support to children orphaned during the war. Sr. Pauline is also experienced in facilitating community dialogue,conflict mediation,designing inter-ethnic reconciliation interventions,and helped design the 2009 CRS-ARLPI land conflict mitigation pilot project. She has been nominated as a board member of Chantal Foundation Organization in USA.
In 2005,Sr. Pauline was named a Woman Peacemaker of the Year by San Diego University's International Justice and Peace Department for her work in grassroots peacebuilding. In 2006,she was one of ten employees to be named a Beacon of Peace by Catholic Relief Services. Most recently,Sr. Pauline won an Outstanding Leadership Award from the International Development Committee of the Association for Conflict Resolution. A native of northern Uganda,Sr. Pauline is deeply knowledgeable about local land and development issues. Sr. Pauline's great skills,dedication to peacebuilding in northern Uganda,and knowledge of the northern Ugandan milieu make her one of the leading peacebuilding professionals in Uganda.
For over two decades, Dr. Taisier Ali has been involved in attempts to end civil wars in Sudan. In 1985, he was assigned by the Sudanese Trade Union Alliance (TUA) to coordinate peace talks with the Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A). From 1986 until the military coup of 1989 he was seconded from the University of Khartoum to the Sudanese Cabinet as coordinator for the Ministerial Peace Committee. Following the 1989 military coup in Sudan he was subjected to periods of detention and eventual dismissal from the University by a decree of the Sudanese “Revolution Command Council”. For several years following 1996, he headed the political department of the democratic resistance movement, Sudan Alliance Forces (SAF), which in 2004 merged with the SPLM/A. Subsequently, he helped establish an independent non-governmental institution, the Peacebuilding Centre for the Horn of Africa (PCHA), based in Asmara, Eritrea that engages in capacity building training for grassroots organization from Eastern Sudan, Darfur and Somalia.
Dr. Ali is a visiting professor at the University of Toronto, Canada and has published on the political economy of underdevelopment in Sudan and the processes of domination, resistance, conflict resolution, peacebuilding and crisis of the state in Africa.
Dr.Taisier Ali studied at the Universities of Khartoum and Toronto where he received a doctorate in the Political Economy of Underdevelopment.
Nicole Ball is a Senior Fellow at the Center for International Policy in Washington, DC. She is also a Senior Security & Justice Adviser at the UK Stabilisation Unit and a Visiting Senior Research Fellow at the Netherlands Institute of International Relations (“Clingendael Institute”) in The Hague. Ball has previously held positions at the Overseas Development Council and the National Security Archive in Washington, DC, the Swedish Institute for International Affairs in Stockholm and the University of Sussex in the UK. She has conducted research and provided policy and programming advice on a broad range of issues relating to security and development, including the economics of security; democratic governance of the security sector; disarmament, demobilization and reintegration of former combatants; the international development community's role in assisting countries to recover from violent conflict and reform their security sectors. Her current work is focused on strengthening democratic security sector governance and on assessing the impact of funding mechanisms in fragile and conflict-affected states.
Other activities include taking part in a review of the International Security and Stabilization Support Strategy for Eastern DRC for the United Nations and major donors to the ISSS (2010); helping to develop the methodology for and analyze the findings of focus groups on the causes and remedies for insecurity in six cities in DRC for the UK funded Security Sector Accountability and Police Reform program (2010); and supporting the International Network on Conflict and Fragility’s program of work on improving the effectiveness of international support to security and justice reform through several studies, including a country study of security and justice work in Burundi, From Quick Wins to Long-term Profits? Developing better approaches to support security and justice engagements in fragile states: Burundi case study, with Jean Marie Gasana and Willy Nindorera, (2011-12). She is currently part of a team undertaking an evaluation of the European Union’s Africa Peace Facility.
Immaculee Birhaheka is one of the Congo's leading human rights activists. She is dedicated to protecting and promoting women's rights and leading efforts to end the massive rape of women and girls in eastern Congo. Birhaheka founded Promotion and Support of Women's Initiatives, or PAIF, and currently serves as the Executive Director. Prior to this, she was a program officer in charge of gender issues at GEAD, a local NGO working in Masisi and Walikale.
She was an Expert for Women before the Goma peace talks for the Kivus held in January 2008. Birhaheka has also consulted for CARE International and International Crisis Group on the consequences of sexual violence in Maniema province and the implementation of the UN 1325 resolution on the advancement of women in the Congo, respectively.
Birhaheka is a recipient of the Democracy Award from the National Endowment for Democracy in 2006. She received the Solidar Silver Rose Award for justice and human rights in 2002.
Immaculee Birhaheka is a graduate of the rural social development high institute in Bukavu (Institut Supérieur de Development Rural de Bukavu, ISDR) in Democratic Republic of Congo.
Marcus Bleasdale is a documentary photographer who uses his work to influence policy makers around the world. His work on human rights and conflict has been shown at the US Senate, The US House of Representatives, The United Nations and the Houses of Parliament in the UK.
Marcus' work also appears in the New Yorker, The New York Times, The Sunday Times Magazine, The Telegraph Magazine, Stern, Le Monde, TIME Magazine, Newsweek and National Geographic Magazine.
Exhibitions include "The Rape of a Nation" The Federal Building NYC (2006), The Central Library, Chicago (2006), The Holocaust Museum LA (2006), Visa Pour L’Image (2007), Nobel Peace Centre Oslo (2007), Ministry of Foreign Affairs France (2008), Henie Onstad Kunstsenter, Oslo (2009), US Senate (2009), UN (2009), The Houses of Parliament UK (2010). US House of Representatives (2011). Fotografiska, Sweden (2013). The Lincoln Centre NYC (2014)
He has published two books "One Hundred Years of Darkness" 2002 and "The Rape of a Nation" 2009.
Marcus has been awarded The UNICEF Photographer of the Year Award (2004), The OPC Olivier Rebbot Award for Best Foreign Reporting (2005), Magazine Photographer of the Year award POYi (2005), The Alexia Foundation Award for World Peace (2005), The World Press Awards (2006), The Freedom of Expression Foundation Norway (2007), Days Japan (2009), The Anthropographia Award for Photography and Human Rights (2010), The Hansel Meith Award (2010) and the Photo Book of the Year Award POYi (2010), Freedom of Expression Foundation Norway (2011). Webby Award (2011) News and Politics "Dear Obama". The Hood Medal for Services to Photography from Royal Photographic Society (2012). In 2012 Marcus film for MSF was nominated for an Emmy together with other VII photographers. In 2014 Marcus’ work for National Geographic Magazine won a World Press Photo Award and the Photography award at the Overseas Press Club of America.
Susan Braden was most recently a senior policy advisor in the U.S. State Department's Office of Global Women's Issues.
Formerly, Braden spent five years at one of the world’s largest relief organizations advancing the rights and well-being of vulnerable populations, particularly women and girls. She is currently Senior Director for Policy and Advocacy on Humanitarian Response at Save the Children. In this position, she traveled to and advocated on behalf of women in countries affected by conflict including Sri Lanka, Burma, Northern Uganda, Pakistan, Indonesia, Ethiopia, Nepal, Georgia, Armenia, Lebanon, Jordan and West Bank/Gaza.
Prior to joining Save the Children, Braden spent almost two decades in the United States Government at the National Security Council, Defense Department, and the CIA on the Middle East and Central Europe. In 2003, she received the Knight Cross Order of Merit from the Republic of Poland for her efforts to improve US-Polish relations and assist Poland’s entry into NATO. She also received the Secretary of Defense’s Medal for Excellence and Medal for Exceptional Civilian Service.
Braden has a BA in history from Dartmouth College and an M Phil in International Relations from Oxford University.
Dr. Christopher Day is a political scientist who specializes in civil wars, insurgent violence, and African politics. Prior to entering academia Day worked for ten years as a humanitarian aid worker with Médécins Sans Frontières and other NGOs in Africa and South Asia. His research on armed groups in Africa has been funded in part by the National Science Foundation, the United States Institute of Peace, and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. Day earned his Ph.D. in Political Science from Northwestern University and holds an M.A. from the Johns Hopkins School for Advanced International Studies (SAIS). He is currently an Assistant Professor of Political Science at the College of Charleston in South Carolina, his alma mater, where he also serves as faculty for its African Studies Program.
Adam Sterling is the executive director of the Berkeley Center for Law, Business and the Economy (BCLBE) at Berkeley Law. Previously he was a startup attorney at Gunderson Dettmer and the co-founder and director of the Sudan Divestment Task Force and Conflict Risk Network (CRN). Adam currently serves as a non-resident senior fellow for the Enough Project at the Center for America Progress. In 2007, Adam was one of six featured subjects in the theatrical documentary, Darfur Now. Adam’s writings and work have appeared extensively in the press; including contributions to The Wall Street Journal, The Financial Times, The New York Times, The Los Angeles Times, Fort Worth Star-Telegram, The San Francisco Chronicle, The Christian Science Monitor, and National Public Radio. He has appeared on a number of broadcast news programs, including CNN’s Situation Room and CNBC’s Street Signs.
Mia Farrow is an actress and dedicated activist. She is a UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador and has worked extensively to draw attention to the fight to eradicate polio. Farrow also has been a high profile advocate for children's rights, working to raise funds and awareness for children in conflict-affected regions, predominantly in Africa. She has traveled to Darfur three times to advocate for Darfuri refugees.
Farrow was involved with the Olympic Dream for Darfur campaign. During the 2008 Olympics, Farrow broadcasted from a Sudanese refugee camp to highlight China's involvement in the region and show the poor living conditions of African refugees displaced by conflict. Farrow has set up her own website, miafarrow.org, which features a guide on how to get involved with Darfur activism, along with her photographs and blog entries from Darfur, Chad, and the Central African Republic.
In 2008, Farrow received the France Legion of Arts and Lettres award, the Refugees International McCall-Pierpaoli Humanitarian Award for "extraordinary service to refugees and displaced people", and the Tiannamen Square Award. In 2009, Farrow was the recipient of the Leon Sullivan International Service award. Farrow also testified in the trial against former Liberian President Charles Taylor in August 2010.
Melanie Cohen Greenberg is President and CEO of the Alliance for Peacebuilding, or AfP. Before joining AfP, she worked in philanthropy as the Founder of the Cypress Fund for Peace and Security, and Conflict Resolution Program Director at the Hewlett Foundation and academia, for the Center for International Security and Cooperation, Stanford University. In her work on international conflict resolution, Ms. Greenberg has helped design and facilitate public peace processes in the Middle East, Northern Ireland, and the Caucasus. She has taught advanced courses in international conflict resolution, multi-party conflict resolution and negotiation at Stanford Law School, Georgetown University Law Center, and the Elliott School of George Washington University.She was lead editor and chapter author of the volume Words over War: Mediation and Arbitration to Prevent Deadly Conflict (Rowman & Littlefield, 2000).
Ms. Greenberg is a frequent writer, lecturer, and trainer in areas related to international law, international security, and peacebuilding, and has served on numerous boards of conflict resolution and security organizations. She holds an AB from Harvard, and a JD from Stanford Law School. She lives in Washington, DC with her husband and two teenagers.
Howard F. Jeter served as Deputy Assistant Secretary for African Affairs from June 1999 until July 2000. Previously, Ambassador Jeter was Director of West African Affairs from September 1997 until June 1999, and also served as the President’s Special Envoy for Liberia.
Recently, Ambassador Jeter has focused on promoting peace and reconciliation in Liberia and Sierra Leone. He has also been intimately involved in developing U.S. policy toward Nigeria, with special emphasis on supporting an enduring transition to democracy and prosperity. Prior to becoming the Special Presidential Envoy for Liberia in July 1996, he served with distinction as the U.S. Ambassador to Botswana from 1993 to 1996.
Ambassador Jeter, a career diplomat, was Deputy Chief of Mission in Namibia from September 1990 to July 1993. During that period, he also served as Charge d'Affaires, following the departure of the incumbent Ambassador in September 1992. Before going to Namibia, he was Deputy Chief of Mission and later Charge d'Affaires in Lesotho. He also held various political, economic, commercial, and consular positions in U.S. Embassies in Mozambique, Tanzania, and in the Temporary Liaison Office in Windhoek, Namibia.
In the Department of State, Ambassador Jeter served in the Bureau of Oceans, International Environmental and Scientific Affairs, where he specialized on issues dealing with the Law of the Sea. He is the recipient of the Presidential Meritorious Service Award, State Department Superior Honor Awards and Senior Foreign Service Performance Awards. Outside, he has received the Rainbow/PUSH Coalition Charles Diggs Award for the Promotion of U.S.-Africa Policy and the prestigious Bennie Trailblazer Award from Morehouse College. Ambassador Jeter's languages include Portuguese, Swahili and French.
Ambassador Jeter holds a BA Degree in Political Science from Morehouse College in Atlanta, Georgia, a MA in International Relations and Comparative Politics from Columbia University, and a MA in African Area Studies from the University of California, Los Angeles. Ambassador Jeter is a former Ford Foundation Doctoral Fellow, International Fellow at Columbia University, Merrill Overseas Study-Travel Scholar, Legislative Intern in the Georgia House of Representatives and a participant in Operation Crossroads Africa. He is a member of Phi Beta Kappa, the American Foreign Service Association and the Council on Foreign Relations.
Dr. Douglas H. Johnson is a scholar specializing in the history of North East Africa, Sudan and South Sudan. He was a resource person in the 2003 Sudan Comprehensive Peace Agreement negotiations over the Three Areas (Abyei, Nuba Mountains and Blue Nile) and later a member of the Abyei Boundary Commission. He is a Fellow of the Rift Valley Institute and the author of Nuer Prophets (1994), The Root Causes of Sudan's Civil Wars: Peace or Truce (revised ed. 2011), and When Boundaries become Borders: the Impact of Boundary-making in Southern Sudan's Frontier Zones (2011).
Ashley Judd is an actress and a dedicated humanitarian. A small sampling of her advocacy work includes: Giving the keynote address on the modern slave trade to the 2008 General Assembly of the United Nations, testifying before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on the urgent need to prevent the spread of HIV to girls and women, speaking to the National Press Club, appearing on major news programs, and filming 3 documentaries seen by over a billion people worldwide. She has served as an expert panelist/moderator at conferences such as the Clinton Global Initiative, the Women Deliver Conference, the International AIDS conference, and the Global Business Coalition to stop HIV, TB, and Malaria, and the National Press Club.
Additionally, she actively supports a number of organizations, ranging from Women for Women International, Women Thrive Worldwide, Kentuckians for the Commonwealth, Sierra Club, Natural Resources Defense Council, Planned Parenthood, NARAL, Tennessee Refugee and Immigration Reform Committee. Her 2010 advocacy includes the DREAM Act, International Violence Against Women Act, the anti FGM bill, amongst others.
Ashley is a graduate of the University of Kentucky. She completed a major in French, and minors in Anthropology, Art History, Theater, and Women’s Studies. She also graduated from UK’s Honor’s Program and Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government with an MPA. Amongst other achievements at Harvard, she was awarded the Dean’s Scholar Award for her work in the Harvard Law class, Gender Violence: Law and Social Justice.
Stephen Lewis is the board chair of the Stephen Lewis Foundation. He is a Distinguished Visiting Professor at Ryerson University in Toronto, and he is co-founder and co-director of AIDS-Free World in the United States.
Mr. Lewis is a member of the Board of Directors of the Clinton Health Access Initiative and Emeritus Board Member of the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative. He served as a Commissioner on the newly formed Global Commission on HIV and the Law. The Commission’s Report, Risks, Rights & Health, was launched by the Secretary-General of the United Nations in July 2012.
Stephen Lewis’ work with the United Nations spans more than two decades. He was the U.N. Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for HIV/AIDS in Africa from June 2001 until the end of 2006. From 1995 to 1999, Mr. Lewis was Deputy Executive Director of UNICEF at the organization’s global headquarters in New York. From 1984 through 1988, he was Canada’s Ambassador to the United Nations.
From 1970–1978, Mr. Lewis was leader of the Ontario New Democratic Party, during which time he became leader of the Official Opposition.
In 2003, Mr. Lewis was appointed a Companion of the Order of Canada, Canada’s highest honour for lifetime achievement. In 2007, King Letsie III, monarch of the Kingdom of Lesotho (a small mountainous country in Southern Africa) invested Mr. Lewis as Knight Commander of the Most Dignified Order of Moshoeshoe. The order is named for the founder of Lesotho; the knighthood is the country’s highest honour. In 2012, Mr. Lewis was an inaugural recipient of Canada’s Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal.
Mr. Lewis is the author of the best-selling book Race Against Time. He holds 35 honorary degrees from Canadian universities as well as honorary degrees from Dartmouth College and Johns Hopkins University in the United States.
Richard “Rick” K. Orth, a highly successful senior executive with over 34 years of leadership and management experience, has led multidiscipline teams in business development and project management in the U.S. Federal Government, African Government and Commercial sectors. Additionally he serves as a consultant focusing on developing and winning business in Africa and providing Africa subject matter expertise. Orth's career has focused on the Intelligence and U.S. Government Africa Policy Communities. He served as the Military Advisor to the Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs, Department of State, and subsequently in the private sector with AECOM; SOC, a Day and Zimmerman company; Professional Solutions, Michael Baker International, Torres Advanced Enterprise Solutions (AES) and currently Mid Atlantic Professionals DBA SSI.
Colonel Orth served 26 years as an officer in the U.S. Army. He retired from the U.S. Army as a Colonel in July 2008. He was commissioned as an Armor officer in 1982. Orth spent nine years in Armor units commanding at the platoon and company levels to include company command in combat during Operations Desert Shield/Storm and served in brigade staff positions. He was designated as a Sub-Sahara Africa Foreign Area (FAO) in 1987. He has worked on African issues for the U.S. Army serving as Central Africa Analyst DIA, (1994-1996) covering the Rwanda Genocide; the first resident Defense Attaché Rwanda (1996-1998); the first Africa Branch Chief, J-2 (Intelligence), Joints Chief of Staff (1998-2000); and as the Defense Attaché Uganda (2001-2005) where he was instrumental in formulating and executing U.S. action against the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) starting in early 2002 as part of Global War on Terrorism; Defense Attaché Ethiopia and non-resident Djibouti (2005-2006); and Military Advisor to the Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs (2006-2008).
Rick made a successful transition to the private sector in 2008, joining AECOM Government Services as Director, Strategic Plans, where he developed and executed a pipeline of $500 million-dollar business opportunities within the Department of State. He was instrumental in AECOM winning one of four contracts as part of the $1.5 billion Department of State AFRICAP Indefinite Duration/Indefinite Quantity contract awarded in 2009. Additionally, he played a key role in AECOM winning ten AFRICAP task orders worth about $100M in Fiscal Year 2010. As SOC’s Program Manager, Near East and Africa, operating from Nairobi, Kenya he led and established SOC in-country operations and recruiting efforts for Indians, Kenyans and Ugandans for $947 million Department of State Worldwide Protective Services Baghdad Embassy contract. At Professional Solutions as a Subject Matter for Central and Eastern Africa political-military affairs he revised and updated U.S. Marine Corps Regional, Culture, Language Familiarization Central and Eastern Africa modules. As Michael Baker International’s Director Business Development, Africa he led Business Development efforts in Africa, served as Corporate Africa Subject Matter Expert on Africa and represented the company at the Corporate Council on Africa. As Torres AES’s Director of Operations, he led over 6,000 employees serving as security guards at the U.S. Missions in Burundi, Mozambique, Uganda, Zambia, Argentina, Curacao, Jordan, Panama, Pakistan Paraguay, Peru and Slovakia as well as the U.S. Military Base Camp Bondsteel, Kosovo. As SSI’s Overseas Program Manager, he leads contracts supporting the U.S. Missions in Afghanistan and Iraq and U.S. Air Force security missions in Kuwait and Saudi Arabia.
Rick served two terms on the International Stability Operations Association (2009 – 2010 and 2010 – 2011). He is a lifetime and founding member of the Foreign Area Officer Association. He serves as the Deputy Chairman/Permanent Secretary for the Officers of the First Division Dinner Committee. He has published articles and lectured on security issues in Africa. He is an avid reader and military history buff. He enjoys lacrosse and running. Rick is proud of his wife of 35 years Kristin and their three sons Kevin, Matthew and Stephan.
Pierre-Richard Prosper is an American lawyer, prosecutor and former government official. He served as the second United States Ambassador-at-Large for War Crimes Issues under President George W. Bush from 2001 to 2005.
Prosper is currently an attorney for Arent Fox, having joined the firm on January 1, 2007 after his term in public service, and member of the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination.
Prosper was a Deputy District Attorney for Los Angeles County, California from 1989 to 1994. His last two years in this position were spent in the Hardcore Gang Division of the Bureau of Special Operations where he prosecuted gang-related murders. From 1994 to 1996, he was an Assistant United States Attorney for the Central District of California in Los Angeles. He was assigned to the Narcotics Section, Drug Enforcement Task Force, where he investigated and prosecuted major international drug cartels.
From 1996 to late 1998, Prosper served as a war crimes prosecutor for the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda. Appointed lead trial attorney, Prosper successfully prosecuted the matter of the Prosecutor against Jean-Paul Akayesu, the first-ever case of genocide under the 1948 Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide. In the 14-month trial, he won additional life-sentence convictions for crimes against humanity and broke new ground in international law by convincing the Tribunal to recognize rape committed in time of conflict as an act of genocide and a crime against humanity.
Prosper served as a career prosecutor at the U.S. Department of Justice where he was Special Assistant to the Assistant Attorney General for the Criminal Division in 1999. From 1999 to 2001, Prosper was detailed to the State Department where he served as the Special Counsel and Policy Adviser to the previous Ambassador-at-Large for War Crimes Issues.
Prosper was nominated by President George W. Bush on May 16, 2001 to become the second U.S. Ambassador-at-Large for War Crimes Issues. After being confirmed by the U.S. Senate, he was sworn in on July 13, 2001. He served until late 2005.
Mark Quarterman, currently a Senior Fellow for Enough, served as the Director of Research and Programs at the Enough Project. He was responsible for helping to formulate the Enough Project’s policy prescriptions to end genocide and crimes against humanity, and oversaw the production of reports and other publications based upon rigorous field-based research and analysis. Prior to joining the Enough Project, he was a senior adviser and director of the Program on Crisis, Conflict, and Cooperation at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, where he focused on effective multilateral responses to global issues.
Quarterman has also served at the United Nations in a number of capacities for nearly 12 years. Most recently, he was chief of staff of the UN Commission of Inquiry into the assassination of Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto of Pakistan. At UN Headquarters, Quarterman served as special assistant (chief of staff) to the UN under secretary general for legal affairs and legal counsel; special assistant to the assistant secretary general for political affairs; and in other capacities in the UN Office of Legal Affairs and Department of Political Affairs. In the field, Quarterman served in Jerusalem and Gaza as chief of staff to the UN special coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process, and in East Timor and Indonesia as political adviser to the special representative for the East Timor Popular Consultation.
Before joining the United Nations, Quarterman was a staff member of the Africa Subcommittee of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the U.S. House of Representatives; a program officer at the Ford Foundation for South Africa and Namibia; and an associate attorney at Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison. Earlier in his career he was a Peace Corps Volunteer in Sierra Leone.
Quarterman holds a law degree from Harvard Law School, a master’s degree in public affairs from the Woodrow Wilson School, and a bachelor’s degree from Yale University.
Eric Reeves is a professor at Smith College; he has written and published extensively on greater Sudan for the past fifteen years. He has served as a researcher and consultant to numerous human rights and humanitarian organizations working in the two Sudans, and has testified formally on Sudan and South Sudan in a variety of governmental forums, including several Congressional hearings.
His publications have appeared in The Washington Post, The New York Times, The Los Angeles Times, The Wall Street Journal, The International Herald Tribune, and many major American metropolitan newspapers, as well as international newspapers and journals. Longer academic essays on the Sudans have appeared in Dissent, The Nation, Human Rights Review, and African Studies Review. His weekly briefs are also published on a regular basis in a variety of Sudanese magazines, newspapers, and his own website (www.sudanreeves.org).
He is frequently asked to provide expert commentary on Sudan and South Sudan to the BBC, Radio France International, PBS, NPR, as well as to the major international news services and the foreign correspondents for a wide range of newspapers. He is author of two books on the Sudans, A Long Day’s Dying: Critical Moments in the Darfur Genocide (2007) and Compromising With Evil: An archival history of Greater Sudan, 2007 – 2012 (2012).
For the last decade, Leslie Meyers worked for the Elie Wiesel Foundation for Humanity as the Program Coordinator, overseeing daily operations of the Foundation’s programs. These included the Nobel Laureates Initiative, the annual Prize in Ethics Essay Contest for college juniors and seniors across the country and the Beit Tzipora Centers in Israel for Ethiopian-Israeli children. She organized all conferences, public relations, fundraising efforts and events for the Foundation. Ms. Meyers was also a trusted advisor and liaison to Professor Wiesel in all aspects of his public life.
Prior to working for the Foundation, Ms. Meyers was a talent manager in the movie industry. A native of Philadelphia, in 1988, after graduating from the University of Michigan with a B.A. in Film Studies, she moved to Los Angeles. Starting at Addis-Wechsler Management and then moving to Propaganda Films she oversaw the careers of many prominent actors and worked with many of the most notable people in the film industry.
In 2014 President Obama appointed Ms. Meyers to the United States Holocaust Memorial Council.
Sarah Cleto Rial is the Program Director at My Sister’s Keeper. Prior to My Sister’s Keeper, Cleto Rial was the Community Programs Case Manager for the Lynn Community Health Center of Lynn, Massachusetts, Employment Services Manager for the Catholic Charities Archdiocese of Boston's Refugee and Immigration Services, and the Co-Founder and President of the African Women's Empowerment Group, a nonprofit organization helping immigrant and refugee women to achieve self-sufficiency.
A native of southern Sudan, Cleto Rial has a long history of dedication to organizations working to empower women and advocate for peace. Since her arrival in the United States, she has held leadership positions with the American Anti-Slavery Group, the Sudanese Women Alliance and the Fertit Association.
Former Governor Bill Richardson sought the Democratic nomination for President of the United States in 2008.
Richardson completed his second term as Governor of New Mexico in January 2011. He was elected Governor in 2002 and re-elected in 2006 with the support of 69 percent of voters, representing the largest margin of victory for any Governor in state history.
Prior to being elected governor, Gov.Richardson enjoyed a very successful and fulfilling career in public service; academia and the private sector-few can match his wide-ranging experience and his level of dedication to protecting the rights and improving the quality of life of people in New Mexico, the United States and around the world.
Richardson served for 15 years in northern New Mexico representing the 3rd Congressional District.Richardson served in 1997 as the U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations, and in 1998, he was unanimously confirmed by the U.S. Senate as Secretary of the U.S. Department of Energy.
While a congressman, Richardson served as a special envoy on many sensitive international missions. He successfully won the release of hostages, American servicemen and prisoners in North Korea, Iraq, Cuba and Sudan. Richardson has been nominated several times for the Nobel Peace Prize.
Before serving as Governor, in 2001, Richardson assumed the chairmanship of Freedom House, a private, non-partisan organization that promotes democracy worldwide. He also worked as a business consultant in Santa Fe and served on several boards including the Natural Resource Defense Council and United Way International.
Since entering life as a private citizen in 2011,Gov. Richardson was named chairman of APCO Worldwide's executive advisory service Global Political Strategies (GPS) and Special Envoy for the Organization of American States (OAS), adding another platform for initiatives within peace and reconciliation in the Western hemisphere. In addition, Gov. Richardson serves as Senior Fellow for Latin America at Rice University's James A. Baker III Institute for Public Policy and has joined several non-profit and for- profit boards, including Abengoa's International Advisory Board, the fifth largest biofuels producer in the U.S., WRI World Resources Institute, Refugees International and the National Council for Science and the Environment.
Bill Richardson has authored two books, “Between Worlds” and “Leading by Example.”
Richardson has been married to his high school sweetheart, Barbara, for 38 years. He received a BA from Tufts in 1970 and a MA from Tuft's Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy in 1971.
Professor Rosenblum is a professor at Columbia Law School and previously spent seven years with the Human Rights Program at Harvard Law School. Before taking a full-time university position, Professor Rosenblum worked with the United Nations and with many of the major international human rights groups, including the Lawyers Committee for Human Rights, Human Rights Watch and Global Rights. Before that, he was an associate at Baker & McKenzie in Chicago.
Rosenblum is a member of the Human Rights Watch Africa Division Advisory Committee, a consultant to The Carter Center, and a board member of several small NGOs. In the course of his career he has conducted field research and worked with local human rights groups in Asia, Africa and Latin America.
Much of his recent work has focused on the confluence of natural resources and human rights around the world, with special emphasis on Africa. In the past five years, he has undertaken research and advocacy with his students at Columbia in Chad, Liberia, Peru, South Africa, the Democratic Republic of Congo, India, and Equatorial Guinea, among other countries.
David A. Sadoff is Executive Director of the Center for Ethics and the Rule of Law (CERL) at the University of Pennsylvania Law School. Previously, he served as General Counsel to the Rome-based International Development Law Organization (IDLO), Nepal Country Director for the American Bar Association Rule of Law Initiative (ABA ROLI), Deputy Legal Adviser and Director for Intelligence Reform with the U.S. National Security Council (NSC), Assistant General Counsel at the CIA, Litigation Associate with Crowell & Moring LLP in Washington, D.C., and Foreign Affairs Officer at the U.S. Department of State. He is also a Senior Research Fellow with the Montreal-based Centre for International Sustainable Development Law (CISDL) and has published Bringing International Fugitives to Justice: Extradition and Its Alternatives (Cambridge University Press 2016) as well as a number of law journal articles in the field of public international law. He holds a J.D. from Georgetown University, a Ph.D in Public International Law and an LL.M in International Humanitarian Law from the Université de Genève, an M.P.P. from the Harvard Kennedy School, and a B.A. from Dartmouth College.
David Scheffer holds an endowed professorship and serves as the Director of the Center for International Human Rights at Northwestern Law School. where he teaches International Human Rights Law and International Criminal Law. Scheffer is the U.N. Secretary-General's Special Expert on United Nations Assistance to the Khmer Rouge Trials. He was selected by Foreign Policy Magazine as one of the Top Global Thinkers of 2011.
Scheffer was previously the U.S. Ambassador at Large for War Crimes Issues (1997-2001) and led the U.S. delegation in U.N. talks establishing the International Criminal Court. During his ambassadorship, he negotiated and coordinated U.S. support for the establishment and operation of international and hybrid criminal tribunals and U.S. responses to atrocities anywhere in the world. Scheffer also headed the Atrocities Prevention Inter-Agency Working Group. During the first term of the Clinton Administration, he served as senior adviser and counsel to the U.S. Representative to the United Nations, Dr. Madeleine Albright, and served from 1993 through 1996 on the Deputies Committee of the National Security Council. Scheffer has held visiting professorships at Northwestern Law, Georgetown University Law Center, and George Washington University Law School and taught at Duke University School of Law and Columbia University School of International and Public Affairs. He has published extensively on international legal and political issues and appears regularly in the national and international media.
Scheffer is a member of the New York and District of Columbia Bars, the American Society of International Law (formerly serving on the Executive Council), the American Bar Association, and the Council on Foreign Relations, and was Chairman of the Board of Directors of the International Law Students Association (2004-2008). His book, All the Missing Souls: A Personal History of the War Crimes Tribunals (Princeton University Press, 2012) received the 2012 Book of the Year Award from the American National Section of the International Association of Penal Law.
Eric Schwartz became President of Refugees International in June 2017. Eric has had a three-decade career focused on humanitarian and human rights issues. Between 2009 and 2011, he served as U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for Population, Refugees, and Migration. As Assistant Secretary, he was credited with strengthening the State Department’s humanitarian advocacy around the world, initiating and implementing critical enhancements to the U.S. refugee resettlement program and raising the profile of global migration issues in U.S. foreign policy. He was the senior human rights and humanitarian official at the National Security Council during the Clinton administration, managing humanitarian responses to crises in Asia, Africa, the Middle East, and Europe. He also served as the UN Deputy Special Envoy for Tsunami Recovery after the 2004 Asian Tsunami; as Washington Director of Asia Watch (now the Asia Division of Human Rights Watch); and Staff Consultant to the House of Representatives Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Asian and Pacific Affairs, among other positions in the U.S. government, at the UN and in the non-profit sector. Just prior to arriving at Refugees International, Eric served a six-year term as Dean of the Hubert H. Humphrey School of Public Affairs at the University of Minnesota. During much of that period, he also served on the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom and, ultimately, as the Commission’s vice chair. He holds a law degree from New York University School of Law, a Master of Public Affairs degree from Princeton University’s Woodrow Wilson School, and a Bachelor of Arts degree with honors from the State University of New York at Binghamton.
Ambassador Soderberg is an author, public commentator, and foreign policy expert. Most recently, she served as President of Connect U.S. Fund in Washington, D.C., a foundation initiative to promote U.S. engagement in today’s global challenges. She is also a Visiting Distinguished Scholar at the University of North Florida in Jacksonville and President and CEO of Soderberg Solutions, an international consulting firm. From 2001-2005, she served as Vice President for Multilateral Affairs of the International Crisis Group in New York, a non-profit conflict prevention organization. She served in the White House as the third-ranked official on the National Security Council (1993-1996) and as Alternate Representative to the United Nations (1997-2001), with the rank of Ambassador. Prior to joining the Administration, she served as Senior Foreign Policy Advisor to Senator Edward M. Kennedy. She has been active in national politics over the last twenty years, serving in a variety of positions on the campaigns of the Democratic nominee for President.
In 2012, President Barack Obama appointed Ambassador Soderberg as Chair of the Public Interest Declassification Board, an advisory committee established by Congress to promote pubic access to U.S. national security decisions. In 2011, Jacksonville Mayor Alvin Brown appointed her to the Jacksonville International Business Coalition, and as co-chair of the Mayor’s Public Safety Transition Team. In 2008, she was elected Precinct Committeewoman, Duval County Democratic Executive Committee, Jacksonville, Florida and currently serves as the chair of Florida’s National Security Network. She is on the board of the Naval War College as well.
Her second book, The Prosperity Agenda: What The World Wants From America -- and What We Need In Return, was published in July 2008.Her first book,The Superpower Myth: The Use and Misuse of American Might,was published in March 2005.She speaks and publishes regularly in leading newspapers and journals on national security policy. She is a frequent commentator on national and international television and radio. She is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, and serves on the advisory board of the National Committee on American Foreign Policy and the Stanley Foundation. She is on the board of the Jacksonville World Affairs Council.
Stephen Stedman currently serves as the Director for the Global Commission on Elections, Democracy, and Security, a body of eminent persons tasked with developing recommendations on promoting and protecting the integrity of elections and international electoral assistance. The Commission is a joint project of the Kofi Annan Foundation and International IDEA, an intergovernmental organization that works on international democracy and electoral assistance.
Stedman is also the Freeman Spogli Senior Fellow at the Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law and FSI, an affiliated faculty member at CISAC, and professor of political science (by courtesy) at Stanford University.
In 2003-2004, Professor Stedman was Research Director of the United Nations High-level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change and was a principal drafter of the Panel’s report, A More Secure World: Our Shared Responsibility. In 2005, he served as Assistant Secretary-General and Special Advisor to the Secretary- General of the United Nations, with responsibility for working with governments to adopt the Panel’s recommendations for strengthening collective security and for implementing changes within the United Nations Secretariat, including the creation of a Peacebuilding Support Office, a Counter Terrorism Task Force, and a Policy Committee to act as a cabinet to the Secretary-General. His most recent book, with Bruce Jones and Carlos Pascual, is Power and Responsibility: Creating International Order in an Era of Transnational Threats (Washington DC: Brookings Institution, 2009).