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Sudan’s Self-Inflicted Economic Meltdown: With a Corrupt Economy in Crisis, the Bashir Regime Scrambles to Consolidate Power

Sudan
Sudan’s Self-Inflicted Economic Meltdown: With a Corrupt Economy in Crisis, the Bashir Regime Scrambles to Consolidate Power
 Download the full report.  العربية   On September 9, 2018, 18 months into one of Sudan’s worst economic crises, President Field Marshal Omar al-Bashir dissolved the Government of National Consensus that took office in May 2017 and appointed a new prime minister, declaring this a first step toward the implementation of sweeping reforms to permanently heal the economy. The new prime minister, Mutaz Musa, stated shortly thereafter that his cabinet would have “400 days and 3,000 hours” to accomplish the task ahead of the 2020 “political horizon,” a thinly disguised reference to the presidential elections slated for that year, in which ...
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Prolifération II: La frénésie du pouvoir et les guerres d’influence aux origines de l’escalade des violences sectaires en République centrafricaine

Prolifération II: La frénésie du pouvoir et les guerres d’influence aux origines de l’escalade des violences sectaires en République centrafricaine
Téléchargez le rapport complet en français Par Nathalia Dukhan RÉSUMÉ EXÉCUTIF Cinq après le déclenchement de la guerre en République centrafricaine (RCA), le dénouement du conflit semble lointain.[i] Devenu au fil du temps un territoire ingouvernable, le pays s’enfonce dans une crise structurelle sanglante pourtant qualifiée de conflit de basse intensité. Des communautés entières sont en effet régulièrement ciblées dans des opérations militaires savamment orchestrées. La responsabilité du chaos est surtout attribuée aux groupes politico-militaires et à diverses bandes armées qui règnent en maître dans le pays.[ii] Depuis 2014, la prolifération de ces groupes armés et leur expansion sur l’ensemble ...
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Splintered Warfare II: How Foreign Interference is Fueling Kleptocracy, Warlordism, and an Escalating Violent Crisis in the Central African Republic

Splintered Warfare II: How Foreign Interference is Fueling Kleptocracy, Warlordism, and an Escalating Violent Crisis in the Central African Republic
Download the full report By Nathalia Dukhan Executive Summary Five years after war broke out in the Central African Republic (CAR), the conflict has no end in sight.[i] The country has become ungovernable over time and is sinking into a structural crisis. Despite being branded a low-intensity conflict, it is brutal and bloody. Entire communities are regularly targeted in carefully orchestrated military operations. Politico-military groups and various armed factions that effectively rule the country are held responsible for the chaos.[ii] Since 2014, the proliferation of these armed groups across the country[iii] has confirmed how deeply rooted politico-criminal entrepreneurship has become ...
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Powering Down Corruption: Tackling Transparency and Human Rights Risks from Congo’s Cobalt Mines to Global Supply Chains

D.R. Congo
Powering Down Corruption: Tackling Transparency and Human Rights Risks from Congo's Cobalt Mines to Global Supply Chains
 Download the full report.  Résumé analytique et recommandations By Annie Callaway Executive Summary The copper and cobalt industry in the Democratic Republic of Congo (Congo) has become “a cash cow for those in power in Kinshasa and their acolytes here in the [Lualaba] province,” a miner at a cooperative in Kolwezi city told the Enough Project in February, 2018.  “It’s millions and millions of dollars that they have been reaping to fill their pockets for years.”[i] A Congolese representative from a nongovernmental organization focused on natural resource transparency further warned: “The increase in international demand for cobalt is likely to ...
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Why We Support Escalated Financial Pressure and Consequences: An Open Letter to the South Sudanese People

Download the full letter here.  From John Prendergast and Brian Adeba October 2018 To the People of South Sudan, We at the Enough Project are deeply concerned about the flaws in the signed peace agreement that fall short of addressing the root causes of the conflict in South Sudan in a comprehensive manner that will prevent a return to conflict. We are writing this open letter to explain why – even after a peace deal was signed on September 12 – we continue to advocate for escalating and targeted financial and legal measures against those who are looting South Sudan’s ...
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Neo-Colonialism and a Faustian Bargain Undermine South Sudan’s Peace Deal

Read the full report. By John Prendergast and Brian Adeba Peace remains elusive in South Sudan.  The latest in a line of peace deals – this one signed on September 12, 2018 between the South Sudan government and opposition – does not address the primary root cause of the war: the hijacking of governing institutions and the creation of a violent kleptocratic state that enriches senior officials and their commercial collaborators while doing nothing to provide social services, build infrastructure, create transparency, introduce accountability, reinforce the rule of law, or grow the economy of South Sudan. Fueling this ongoing strife ...
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Tools of Trade

Tools of Trade
Tools of Trade: U.S. Sanctions Regimes & Human Rights Accountability Strategies By: International Corporate Accountability Roundtable and the Enough Project Read the full report here.  Economic sanctions provide financial and diplomatic pressure to further U.S. foreign policy goals and national security interests. By targeting individual actors, economic sectors, or an entire foreign government, sanctions are an attractive alternative to softer diplomatic options and drastic military action for the U.S. government to act upon its positions before the international community. Because sanctions are a malleable tool that can be tailored to specific situations, their use has risen to address a wide ...
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With Friends Like These: Strong Benchmarks for Next Phase of U.S.-Sudan Relations

Sudan
With Friends Like These: Strong Benchmarks for Next Phase of U.S.-Sudan Relations
The U.S. government’s October 2017 lifting of its comprehensive economic and financial sanctions on Sudan has created the impression that the Sudanese regime of President Omar al-Bashir is evolving into a reliable partner and no longer poses a threat to the national security and foreign policy interests of the United States. This impression is deeply misguided ...
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Radical Intolerance: Sudan’s Religious Oppression and Embrace of Extremist Groups

Sudan
Radical Intolerance: Sudan's Religious Oppression and Embrace of Extremist Groups
The Obama and Trump administrations, in temporarily and then permanently lifting comprehensive sanctions on Sudan, cited improvements in the Sudanese government’s counterterrorism and its broader humanitarian and human rights record. But a closer look reveals these claims to be very problematic ...
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Demand the Supply: Ranking Consumer Electronics and Jewelry Retail Companies on their Efforts to Develop Conflict-Free Minerals Supply Chains from Congo

Demand the Supply: Ranking Consumer Electronics and Jewelry Retail Companies on their Efforts to Develop Conflict-Free Minerals Supply Chains from Congo
The Enough Project’s 2017 conflict minerals company rankings examine 20 of the largest companies, as defined by market capitalization, in two of the industries which consume the most tin, tungsten, tantalum, and gold: consumer electronics and jewelry retail ...
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