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Tools of Trade
Tools of Trade: U.S. Sanctions Regimes & Human Rights Accountability Strategies By: International Corporate Accountability Roundtable and the Enough Project Read the full report here.  Economic sanctions provide financial and diplomatic pressure to further U.S. foreign policy goals and national security interests. By targeting individual actors, economic sectors, or an entire foreign government, sanctions are an attractive alternative to softer diplomatic options and drastic military action for the U.S. government to act upon its positions before the international community. Because sanctions are a malleable tool that can be tailored to specific situations, their use has risen to address a wide ...
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With Friends Like These: Strong Benchmarks for Next Phase of U.S.-Sudan Relations

Sudan
With Friends Like These: Strong Benchmarks for Next Phase of U.S.-Sudan Relations
The U.S. government’s October 2017 lifting of its comprehensive economic and financial sanctions on Sudan has created the impression that the Sudanese regime of President Omar al-Bashir is evolving into a reliable partner and no longer poses a threat to the national security and foreign policy interests of the United States. This impression is deeply misguided ...
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Radical Intolerance: Sudan’s Religious Oppression and Embrace of Extremist Groups

Sudan
Radical Intolerance: Sudan's Religious Oppression and Embrace of Extremist Groups
The Obama and Trump administrations, in temporarily and then permanently lifting comprehensive sanctions on Sudan, cited improvements in the Sudanese government’s counterterrorism and its broader humanitarian and human rights record. But a closer look reveals these claims to be very problematic ...
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Demand the Supply: Ranking Consumer Electronics and Jewelry Retail Companies on their Efforts to Develop Conflict-Free Minerals Supply Chains from Congo

Demand the Supply: Ranking Consumer Electronics and Jewelry Retail Companies on their Efforts to Develop Conflict-Free Minerals Supply Chains from Congo
The Enough Project’s 2017 conflict minerals company rankings examine 20 of the largest companies, as defined by market capitalization, in two of the industries which consume the most tin, tungsten, tantalum, and gold: consumer electronics and jewelry retail ...
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Ominous Threats Descending On Darfur

Sudan
Ominous Threats Descending On Darfur
In Darfur, what began in part as a disarmament and collection campaign has rapidly escalated into a volatile, high-stakes armed standoff that could dramatically alter the balance of power of a resource-rich region where large-scale violence has unfolded ...
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Breaking Out of the Spiral in South Sudan: Anti-Money Laundering, Network Sanctions, and a New Peacemaking Architecture

Breaking Out of the Spiral in South Sudan: Anti-Money Laundering, Network Sanctions, and a New Peacemaking Architecture
The metastasizing crisis in South Sudan requires a new strategy for achieving a sustainable peace. Conditions on the ground are unbearable for large swathes of South Sudan’s population, and regional peacemaking efforts are not delivering results ...
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Strategic Pressure: A Blueprint for Addressing New Threats and Supporting Democratic Change in the DRC

Strategic Pressure: A Blueprint for Addressing New Threats and Supporting Democratic Change in the DRC
Nearly nine months after signing a political deal aimed at ushering in a landmark democratic transition in the Democratic Republic of Congo, President Joseph Kabila’s subversion of the accord places Congo at risk of much greater violence ...
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Splintered Warfare: Alliances, affiliations, and agendas of armed factions and politico-military groups in the Central African Republic

Splintered Warfare:  Alliances, affiliations, and agendas of armed factions and politico-military groups in the Central African Republic
This new report maps the current armed factions and politico-military groups in the Central African Republic ...
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A Question of Leadership: Addressing a Dangerous Crisis in Sudan’s SPLM-N

Sudan
A Question of Leadership: Addressing a Dangerous Crisis in Sudan's SPLM-N
Download the full report here | العربية A worsening recent political divide within the leadership of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N, or “movement”), traditionally based in South Kordofan and Blue Nile (the “Two Areas”), is increasingly likely to lead to a change of leadership of the movement. Of grave concern, the political divide has already led to violent clashes with strong ethnic undertones between units of the movement’s armed wing (the Sudan People’s Liberation Army-North, the SPLA-N) in parts of Sudan’s Blue Nile state that are controlled by the movement and in camps hosting refugees from Blue Nile just across the border ...
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Deadly Profits: Illegal Wildlife Trafficking through Uganda and South Sudan

Deadly Profits: Illegal Wildlife Trafficking through Uganda and South Sudan
Download the full report here. Countries that act as transit hubs for international wildlife trafficking are a critical, highly profitable part of the illegal wildlife smuggling supply chain, but are frequently overlooked. While considerable attention is paid to stopping illegal poaching at the chain’s origins in national parks and changing end-user demand (e.g., in China), countries that act as midpoints in the supply chain are critical to stopping global wildlife trafficking. They are needed way stations for traffickers who generate considerable profits, thereby driving the market for poaching. This is starting to change, as U.S., European, and some African policymakers ...
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