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Policy Briefs

EuroPressure: EU Financial Leverage for Impact in South Sudan

South Sudan
EuroPressure: EU Financial Leverage for Impact in South Sudan
Download the brief | Résumé analytique By Brad Brooks-Rubin and Jonathan Benton Executive Summary For the past several years, South Sudan has spiralled out of control. The nation’s still young history is marred by brutal conflict and failed peace agreements, creating one of the most extreme humanitarian crises in the world. As another Cessation of Hostilities agreement falters and hopes dim for regional leadership during a time of upheaval in Ethiopia, it is time for the European Union to more clearly and consistently assert leadership and develop much-needed financial leverage that could support a truly reinvigorated peace process. The European Union ...
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Spoiler Alert: The African Union’s and IGAD’s Contribution to South Sudan’s War

Spoiler Alert: The African Union’s and IGAD’s Contribution to South Sudan’s War
Spoilers on the battlefield and in the negotiations process have completely undermined the search for peace in South Sudan ...
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The July Deadline Won’t Work: Why the U.S. needs to delay the decision on Sudan sanctions

Sudan
As a July decision approaches on whether to permanently remove most sanctions on Sudan, the Trump administration should properly evaluate progress, or lack thereof, on each of the five tracks on which progress is required, and the administration should not privilege any single track over others ...
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The Missing Track: The case for a new policy framework between the United States and Sudan

Sudan
The Missing Track: The case for a new policy framework between the United States and Sudan
In this new brief, the Enough Project lays out a detailed plan for how the Trump administration can develop and implement a new track of engagement focused on peace and respect for human rights – the absence of which help perpetuate Sudan's system of violent kleptocracy ...
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Yes, We Have Leverage: A Playbook for Immediate and Long-Term Financial Pressures to Address Violent Kleptocracies in East and Central Africa

This policy brief lays out four sets of tools that can form a playbook to deal with violent kleptocracies in East and Central Africa ...
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Breaking the Cycle: Delinking Armed Actors from the Gold Supply Chain in Congo and the Great Lakes Region Through Fiscal Reform and Anti-Money Laundering (AML)

Artisanal and small-scale (ASM) gold remains a major source of income for elements of the Congolese armed forces, armed groups, and criminal networks ...
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Five Lessons from a Sanctions Practitioner

Economic sanctions, the steps a government takes to prohibit certain types of economic activities with a foreign country, company, or individual, have become a preeminent tool of U.S. foreign policy. They are used to combat threats ranging from nuclear proliferation in Iran or North Korea to civil strife and mass atrocities in Central Africa. In past decades, sanctions were typically “comprehensive,” in which the United States would ban nearly all trade and economic activity with an adversary. This approach is rarely taken anymore, with only a few countries, like Syria, Sudan, and North Korea, subject to these types of comprehensive ...
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Violent Kleptocracies: How they’re destroying parts of Africa and how they can be dismantled

D.R. Congo
Millions of people have suffered and perished in the ongoing wars in East and Central Africa, including Sudan, South Sudan, Somalia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, and the Central African Republic. The big prize in these deadly conflicts is the control of a hijacked state and the natural resource wealth of the country ...
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Targeted Sanctions and Beyond: Financial and Judicial Tools for the U.S. and Europe to Help Enable Timely Elections in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

D.R. Congo
Political tensions are building in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, where sitting President Joseph Kabila is attempting to subvert the country’s constitution, hold on to power, and reduce political space ahead of the scheduled end of his second presidential term. During the past 18 months, the situation has worsened, with multiple attempts to significantly delay elections; peaceful protesters arbitrarily arrested, beaten, or killed; and the expulsion of several key international researchers or officials, including those from the United Nations Joint Human Rights Office, Human Rights Watch, Global Witness, and the Congo Research Group ...
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The Paper Tiger in South Sudan: Threats without Consequences for Atrocities and Kleptocracy

This policy brief adapts and expands on congressional testimony I delivered on April 27, 2016 before the U.S. House Foreign Affairs Committee’s Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations in a hearing on “South Sudan’s Prospects for Peace and Security.” ...
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