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Policy Briefs

A Roadmap for Responsible Economic Engagement in Sudan

Sudan
This brief provides an overview of relevant existing frameworks that businesses can use as guideposts to responsible economic engagement in Sudan ...
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Powering Down Corruption: Tackling Transparency and Human Rights Risks from Congo’s Cobalt Mines to Global Supply Chains

D.R. Congo
Powering Down Corruption: Tackling Transparency and Human Rights Risks from Congo’s Cobalt Mines to Global Supply Chains
 Download the brief. Cobalt has rapidly emerged as one of the world’s most in-demand minerals, given it is an essential component in the lithium-ion batteries that power booming industries with products such as electric vehicles, cell phones, and laptops. While Congo is home to a wealth of natural resource reserves, its command over the global supply of cobalt is unparalleled: an estimated 58 percent of global cobalt production originated in Congo in 2017. But a wide spectrum of corruption in the cobalt trade combined with abuses at and around cobalt mine sites and links to state-sanctioned violence and grand corruption ...
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EuroPressure: EU Financial Leverage for Impact in South Sudan

South Sudan
EuroPressure: EU Financial Leverage for Impact in South Sudan
Download the brief | Résumé analytique By Brad Brooks-Rubin and Jonathan Benton Executive Summary For the past several years, South Sudan has spiralled out of control. The nation’s still young history is marred by brutal conflict and failed peace agreements, creating one of the most extreme humanitarian crises in the world. As another Cessation of Hostilities agreement falters and hopes dim for regional leadership during a time of upheaval in Ethiopia, it is time for the European Union to more clearly and consistently assert leadership and develop much-needed financial leverage that could support a truly reinvigorated peace process. The European Union ...
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Spoiler Alert: The African Union’s and IGAD’s Contribution to South Sudan’s War

Spoiler Alert: The African Union’s and IGAD’s Contribution to South Sudan’s War
Spoilers on the battlefield and in the negotiations process have completely undermined the search for peace in South Sudan ...
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The July Deadline Won’t Work: Why the U.S. needs to delay the decision on Sudan sanctions

Sudan
As a July decision approaches on whether to permanently remove most sanctions on Sudan, the Trump administration should properly evaluate progress, or lack thereof, on each of the five tracks on which progress is required, and the administration should not privilege any single track over others ...
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The Missing Track: The case for a new policy framework between the United States and Sudan

Sudan
The Missing Track: The case for a new policy framework between the United States and Sudan
In this new brief, the Enough Project lays out a detailed plan for how the Trump administration can develop and implement a new track of engagement focused on peace and respect for human rights – the absence of which help perpetuate Sudan's system of violent kleptocracy ...
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Yes, We Have Leverage: A Playbook for Immediate and Long-Term Financial Pressures to Address Violent Kleptocracies in East and Central Africa

This policy brief lays out four sets of tools that can form a playbook to deal with violent kleptocracies in East and Central Africa ...
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Breaking the Cycle: Delinking Armed Actors from the Gold Supply Chain in Congo and the Great Lakes Region Through Fiscal Reform and Anti-Money Laundering (AML)

Artisanal and small-scale (ASM) gold remains a major source of income for elements of the Congolese armed forces, armed groups, and criminal networks ...
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Five Lessons from a Sanctions Practitioner

Economic sanctions, the steps a government takes to prohibit certain types of economic activities with a foreign country, company, or individual, have become a preeminent tool of U.S. foreign policy. They are used to combat threats ranging from nuclear proliferation in Iran or North Korea to civil strife and mass atrocities in Central Africa. In past decades, sanctions were typically “comprehensive,” in which the United States would ban nearly all trade and economic activity with an adversary. This approach is rarely taken anymore, with only a few countries, like Syria, Sudan, and North Korea, subject to these types of comprehensive ...
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Violent Kleptocracies: How they’re destroying parts of Africa and how they can be dismantled

D.R. Congo
Millions of people have suffered and perished in the ongoing wars in East and Central Africa, including Sudan, South Sudan, Somalia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda, and the Central African Republic. The big prize in these deadly conflicts is the control of a hijacked state and the natural resource wealth of the country ...
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