Lord's Resistance Army

Feeling the Movement - A Reflection on the Lemkin Summit

Ohio University student and STAND Campaigns Coordinator Luke Kubacki reflects on his experience at the Lemkin Summit: A National Gathering of the Next Generation of Human Rights Defenders in February 2015.  Read More »

Ending Grand Theft on a Global Scale: Prosecuting the War Crime of Pillage

M23 rebel fighters north of Goma, DRC (2012) AP Photo/Jerome Delay

In Enough Project Policy Analyst Holly Dranginis’ latest report, Grand Theft Global: Prosecuting the War Crime of Natural Resource Pillage in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Dranginis provides an inside look at why the widespread theft of minerals in Congo has gone on unpunished, and how policymakers and legal practitioners can help advance cases.  Grand Theft Global is the result of research in Congo, The Hague, and Washington, DC, including dozens of interviews with Congolese attorneys, international prosecutors, and local communities affected by pillage and the violence it enables.  Read More »

Top LRA Commander’s Transfer to ICC “Historic”, “Victory for Victims” says Enough Project

Date: 
Jan 13, 2015
Author: 
Enough Team

January 13, 2015 --- Dominic Ongwen, one of the most senior commanders of the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA), will be transferred to the International Criminal Court (ICC), according to the U.S. State Department. Enough Project analysts are available for interviews, background on Ongwen, and expert commentary on the LRA and significance of the ICC referral in this case.

Kasper Agger, Enough Project LRA expert and Uganda-based field researcher, said: “The transfer of Dominic Ongwen to the ICC is a major victory for the thousands of LRA victims and a chance for Ongwen to go through a fair trial. Hopefully this can draw attention to massive rebuilding tasks in LRA affected areas, including the need for a comprehensive reconciliation and transitional justice process in Northern Uganda.”

Holly Dranginis, Enough Project Policy Analyst, said: “Ongwen's transfer to the ICC is  historic - a victory for the victims of the LRA's brutality, many of whom have been bravely demanding justice for over a decade now. It's also a welcome confirmation that the United States is increasingly supportive of the ICC's efforts in this region. The next step is for Ongwen to have a fair and thorough trial, with full consideration of crimes committed against him as a child, and robust protection for victims and witnesses.”

Abducted by the LRA at the age of 10, Ongwen rose in the ranks of the militia as a protégé of LRA leader Joseph Kony, and has been indicted by the ICC for multiple crimes against humanity including murder, pillaging, and enslavement.

More information:

  • Enough Project statement on ICC referral in the Ongwen case: http://eno.ug/1sf99WO
  • More background, expert commentary, and recent media coverage on the Ongwen case: http://eno.ug/1x5IkQr
  • Interview with Kasper Agger - From the Bloody Trail of Kony’s LRA (December 24, 2014): http://eno.ug/1CVSRD6
  • Briefing report on LRA illicit funding - Kony to LRA: “Bring me ivory, gold, and diamonds” (November 19, 2014): http://eno.ug/1uZL7OE

For media inquiries or interview requests, please contact: Greg Hittelman,  +1 310-717-

0606, gh@enoughproject.org

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The Enough Project is a project of the Center for American Progress aiming to end genocide and crimes against humanity. Founded in 2007, Enough focuses on the crises in Sudan, South Sudan, eastern Congo, Central African Republic, and areas affected by the Lord’s Resistance Army. Enough conducts intensive field research, develops practical policies to address these crises, and shares sensible tools to empower citizens and groups working for change. To learn more: www.enoughproject.org.

LRA commander Ongwen should be transferred to ICC, support to justice & reconciliation in LRA-affected areas should be increased

Senior Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) commander Dominic Ongwen, who surrendered Tuesday in the Central African Republic, should be transferred to the International Criminal Court to face charges of crimes against humanity and war crimes.  Read More »

LRA Commander Ongwen Should Be Transferred to ICC

Date: 
Jan 9, 2015
Author: 
Enough Team

Support to Justice and Reconciliation in LRA-affected Areas Should Be Increased

January 9, 2015 --- This week, Dominic Ongwen, one of the most senior commanders of the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), surrendered to U.S. forces in the Central African Republic. Ongwen's defection is strong evidence that the African Union mission against the LRA is working, slowly but surely. It also triggers a critical opportunity for justice. 

Statement by the Enough Project:

Senior Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) commander Dominic Ongwen, who surrendered Tuesday in the Central African Republic, should be transferred to the International Criminal Court to face charges of crimes against humanity and war crimes.

Ongwen was indicted by the ICC in 2005 after Ugandan President Museveni requested an ICC investigation into potential atrocity crimes by the LRA in Northern Uganda. Now with Ongwen's surrender, some are calling for him to face trial or receive amnesty in Uganda. The ICC's complementarity principle is critical in this scenario. Ongwen should be transferred to The Hague, where Uganda is free to challenge the admissibility of the case, prompting the ICC to examine whether or not Uganda is willing and able to carry out an independent, thorough and fair investigation and trial related to Ongwen's charges.

Ugandan human rights voices reflect a diversity of views on this issue. Victor Ochen, founding director of local human rights organization, African Youth Initiative Network, and survivor of LRA violence, said, "Generally, it’s quite obvious that people need justice. At this point, whose justice? For the rebel or for the victims of Ongwen's barbaric acts?"

Some religious and political leaders from northern Uganda have expressed that Ongwen should receive amnesty. Uganda’s Amnesty Act has been an important tool to help spur defections from the LRA. Amnesty is likely not appropriate, however, for high-level individuals charged with grave war crimes and crimes against humanity. Prosecuting Ongwen is not mutually exclusive to a range of critical transitional justice mechanisms that are sorely needed for victims in Northern Uganda. But victims also deserve to see justice served.

It is important to recognize that Ongwen was abducted as a child soldier at age 10, and thus is both a victim and alleged perpetrator, raising potential mitigating circumstances. As with any indictee facing charges, Ongwen should be afforded a fair trial with thorough consideration of any potential mitigating circumstances.

At present, it is important for Ongwen to provide any information he may have on LRA leader Joseph Kony’s whereabouts and to help provide defection messages to current LRA fighters. The LRA is still active, so such information and messaging is critically important. Visits by his family members could form an important part of this defection messaging.

Finally, for sustainable peace to take root, greater support to a local justice and reconciliation process in northern Uganda is needed.  The Ugandan army is accused of committing atrocities in northern Uganda, yet these allegations have yet to prompt adequate investigation.  Uganda and donor governments must also prioritize support for victims and war-affected committees in northern Uganda and other LRA affected areas.

Link to January 6 press release on surrender of Ongwenwww.enoughproject.org/news/breaking-lra-top-commander-surrenders

Media inquiries: Enough Project analysts are available for interviews, background on Ongwen, and expert commentary. Contact: Greg Hittelman,  +1 310-717-0606gh@enoughproject.org

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The Enough Project is a project of the Center for American Progress aiming to end genocide and crimes against humanity. Founded in 2007, Enough focuses on the crises in Sudan, South Sudan, eastern Congo, Central African Republic, and areas affected by the Lord’s Resistance Army. Enough conducts intensive field research, develops practical policies to address these crises, and shares sensible tools to empower citizens and groups working for change. To learn more: www.enoughproject.org.

A Moment for Momentum: The Surrender of Dominic Ongwen

Dominic Ongwen, in a photograph from 2006

Read what Enough's experts are saying about the surrender of top LRA commander Dominic Ongwen, the backstory of the fighter known as "The White Ant," and news coverage from outlets ranging from The New York Times to Vice News.  Read More »

BREAKING: LRA Top Commander Surrenders

Date: 
Jan 6, 2015

 

Dominic Ongwen was Powerful LRA Commander, Protégé of Joseph Kony 

Abducted as Child Soldier at Age of Ten, Rose in Ranks, Indicted by ICC for War Crimes

January 5, 2015 --- Dominic Ongwen, one of the most senior commanders of the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) next to Joseph Kony, has reportedly surrendered to U.S. forces in the Central African Republic today, according to the US State Department. The Enough Project has also received early confirmation of the defection from multiple sources inside the Counter-LRA Mission of the Joint African Union Regional Task Force.

Abducted by the LRA at the age of 10, Ongwen has risen in the ranks of the militia, and has been indicted by the International Criminal Court (ICC) for multiple crimes against humanity including murder, pillaging, and enslavement.

Enough Project analysts are available today for interviews, background on Ongwen, and expert commentary on the LRA. Contact: Greg Hittelman, gh@enoughproject.org

Kasper Agger, Enough Project LRA expert and Uganda-based field researcher, said: “The surrender of Ongwen is a major blow to the LRA. Ongwen has been one of Joseph Kony’s top proteges, rising in the ranks since 1990, when he was abducted as a child soldier at the age of ten. As part of the LRA’s core command, his surrender is a very significant step in the efforts to bring a final end to the LRA.”

Sasha Lezhnev, Associate Director of Policy for Congo, the Great Lakes Region, and the LRA at the Enough Project, said: "Ongwen's defection is strong evidence that the African mission against the LRA is working, slowly but surely. It will have a major psychological impact on other LRA commanders. But this is not the end -- the U.S. and European Union must deepen the mission to counter the LRA's illicit trafficking networks in ivory, diamonds, and gold, or else a revitalized LRA could come back in 2015."

Holly DranginisEnough Project Policy Analyst, said: "Ongwen's surrender not only signals a breakdown among LRA leadership, it triggers a critical opportunity for justice. Ongwen is indicted for murdering civilians, enslaving children, and stealing property. At a time when some are questioning the ICC's credibility in the central African region, Ongwen's surrender gives the court a chance to show its power to end impunity for atrocities, and help restore dignity to victims of the LRA's brutal crimes."

Link to interview with Kasper Agger - From the Bloody Trail of Kony’s LRA (December 24, 2014): httt://eno.ug/1CVSRD6

Link to briefing on LRA illicit funding - Kony to LRA: “Bring me ivory, gold, and diamonds” (November 19, 2014): http://eno.ug/1uZL7OE

For media inquiries or interview requests, please contact: Greg Hittelman, +1 310-717-0606, gh@enoughproject.org

###

The Enough Project is a project of the Center for American Progress aiming to end genocide and crimes against humanity. Founded in 2007, Enough focuses on the crises in Sudan, South Sudan, eastern Congo, Central African Republic, and areas affected by the Lord’s Resistance Army. Enough conducts intensive field research, develops practical policies to address these crises, and shares sensible tools to empower citizens and groups working for change. To learn more: www.enoughproject.org/.

Rwanda 20 Darfur 10: New Responses to Africa's Mass Atrocities

As commemorations unfold honoring the 20th anniversary of the onset of Rwanda’s genocide and the 10th year after Darfur’s genocide was recognized, the rhetoric of commitment to the prevention of mass atrocities has never been stronger.

Photo:Nyaza cemetery outside Kigali, Rwanda - AP/Ricardo Mazalan

Mass Atrocity Prevention Post Rwanda and Darfur

Date: 
Apr 7, 2014

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
 
Contact: Mark Quarterman, mquarterman@enoughproject.org, 202-372-6295
 
Mass Atrocity Prevention Post Rwanda and Darfur

 
Washington, DC – Today, Rwandans and the international community will commemorate the 20th anniversary of the 1994 genocide that killed 800,000 Tutsis and moderate Hutus in 100 days. As commemorations unfold worldwide, an Enough Project report, released today, discusses modern mass atrocity prevention as we mark the anniversary of Rwanda’s genocide and recognize the 10th year of genocide in Darfur. The report “Rwanda 20 and Darfur 10: New Responses to Africa's Mass Atrocities” calls for a renewed approach to addressing the interlinked nature of modern-day African conflicts and mass atrocity crimes. 

In the twenty years since the Rwandan genocide, Africa’s wars have become increasingly marked by integrated conflict systems, which spill over borders and include an array of armed groups. The conflicts, spanning the Horn of Africa, East Africa, and Central Africa, have taken the lives of hundreds of thousands of people. Conventional peace processes and peacekeeping operations, however, are limited in scope and have largely failed to address the complexities of modern African conflict and mass atrocities. As a result, they fail to address the core systemic drivers of violence. 

Enough Project co-founder and author of the report, John Prendergast, says: 

"Without addressing the complicated transnational root causes of conflict and mass atrocities, without being much more inclusive, without dealing decisively with spoilers, and without integrating broader regional actors, today’s peace processes have no chance of producing sustainable peace."

To combat this, the report argues for new approaches to peacemaking and civilian protection that make a real difference in the lives of people in conflict-ridden regions. A new strategy should be marked by broader peace mechanisms, which include an effective response system from the international community and comprehensive and regional peace processes that address core drivers of conflict.

Read the report, “Rwanda 20 and Darfur 10: New Responses to Africa's Mass Atrocities” -  http://www.enoughproject.org/files/Rwanda-20-and-Darfur-10.pdf 

Kasper Agger on CCTV Africa: US Steps Up Bid to Find Joseph Kony

Uganda's military has welcomed a move by the United States to offer additional support to help in tracking wanted warlord Joseph Kony. The U.S is sending 150 Air Force Special Operations personnel and at least four advanced Osprey aircraft.

Uganda's military has welcomed a move by the United States to offer additional support to help in tracking wanted warlord Joseph Kony. The U.S is sending 150 Air Force Special Operations personnel and at least four advanced Osprey aircraft.

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